The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Man \Man\ (m[a^]n), n.; pl. Men (m[e^]n). [AS. mann, man,
monn, mon; akin to OS., D., & OHG. man, G. mann, Icel.
ma[eth]r, for mannr, Dan. Mand, Sw. man, Goth. manna, Skr.
manu, manus, and perh. to Skr. man to think, and E. mind.
[root]104. Cf. Minx a pert girl.]
1. A human being; -- opposed to beast.
These men went about wide, and man found they none,
But fair country, and wild beast many [a] one. --R.
The king is but a man, as I am; the violet smells to
him as it doth to me. --Shak.
'Tain't a fit night out for man nor beast! --W. C.
2. Especially: An adult male person; a grown-up male person,
as distinguished from a woman or a child.
When I became a man, I put away childish things. --I
Cor. xiii. 11.
Ceneus, a woman once, and once a man. --Dryden.
3. The human race; mankind.
And God said, Let us make man in our image, after
our likeness, and let them have dominion. --Gen. i.
The proper study of mankind is man. --Pope.
4. The male portion of the human race.
Woman has, in general, much stronger propensity than
man to the discharge of parental duties. --Cowper.
5. One possessing in a high degree the distinctive qualities
of manhood; one having manly excellence of any kind.
This was the noblest Roman of them all . . . the
So mixed in him that Nature might stand up
And say to all the world "This was a man!" --Shak.
6. An adult male servant; also, a vassal; a subject.
Like master, like man. --Old Proverb.
The vassal, or tenant, kneeling, ungirt, uncovered,
and holding up his hands between those of his lord,
professed that he did become his man from that day
forth, of life, limb, and earthly honor.
7. A term of familiar address at one time implying on the
part of the speaker some degree of authority, impatience,
or haste; as, Come, man, we 've no time to lose! In the
latter half of the 20th century it became used in a
broader sense as simply a familiar and informal form of
address, but is not used in business or formal situations;
as, hey, man! You want to go to a movie tonight?.
[1913 Webster +PJC]
8. A married man; a husband; -- correlative to wife.
I pronounce that they are man and wife. --Book of
every wife ought to answer for her man. --Addison.
9. One, or any one, indefinitely; -- a modified survival of
the Saxon use of man, or mon, as an indefinite pronoun.
A man can not make him laugh. --Shak.
A man would expect to find some antiquities; but all
they have to show of this nature is an old rostrum
of a Roman ship. --Addison.
10. One of the piece with which certain games, as chess or
draughts, are played.
Note: Man is often used as a prefix in composition, or as a
separate adjective, its sense being usually
self-explaining; as, man child, man eater or maneater,
man-eating, man hater or manhater, man-hating,
manhunter, man-hunting, mankiller, man-killing, man
midwife, man pleaser, man servant, man-shaped,
manslayer, manstealer, man-stealing, manthief, man
Man is also used as a suffix to denote a person of the
male sex having a business which pertains to the thing
spoken of in the qualifying part of the compound;
ashman, butterman, laundryman, lumberman, milkman,
fireman, repairman, showman, waterman, woodman. Where
the combination is not familiar, or where some specific
meaning of the compound is to be avoided, man is used
as a separate substantive in the foregoing sense; as,
apple man, cloth man, coal man, hardware man, wood man
(as distinguished from woodman).
Man ape (Zool.), a anthropoid ape, as the gorilla.
Man at arms, a designation of the fourteenth and fifteenth
centuries for a soldier fully armed.
Man engine, a mechanical lift for raising or lowering
people through considerable distances; specifically
(Mining), a contrivance by which miners ascend or descend
in a shaft. It consists of a series of landings in the
shaft and an equal number of shelves on a vertical rod
which has an up and down motion equal to the distance
between the successive landings. A man steps from a
landing to a shelf and is lifted or lowered to the next
landing, upon which he them steps, and so on, traveling by
Man Friday, a person wholly subservient to the will of
another, like Robinson Crusoe's servant Friday.
Man of straw, a puppet; one who is controlled by others;
also, one who is not responsible pecuniarily.
Man-of-the earth (Bot.), a twining plant (Ipomoea
pandurata) with leaves and flowers much like those of the
morning-glory, but having an immense tuberous farinaceous
Man of sin (Script.), one who is the embodiment of evil,
whose coming is represented (--2 Thess. ii. 3) as
preceding the second coming of Christ. [A Hebraistic
Man of war.
(a) A warrior; a soldier. --Shak.
(b) (Naut.) See in the Vocabulary.
(c) See Portuguese man-of-war under man-of-war and
also see Physalia.
Man-stopping bullet (Mil.), a bullet which will produce a
sufficient shock to stop a soldier advancing in a charge;
specif., a small-caliber bullet so modified as to expand
when striking the human body, producing a severe wound
which is also difficult to treat medically. Types of
bullets called hollow-nosed bullets, soft-nosed
bullets and hollow-point bullets are classed as
man-stopping. The dumdum bullet or dumdum is another
well-known variety. Such bullets were originally designed
for wars with savage tribes.
great man, a man who has become prominent due to
substantial and widely admired contributions to social or
intellectual endeavors; as, Einstein was one of the great
men of the twentieth century.
To be one's own man, to have command of one's self; not to
be subject to another.
[1913 Webster +PJC]