The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Article \Ar"ti*cle\, n. [F., fr. L. articulus, dim. of artus
joint, akin to Gr. ?, fr. a root ar to join, fit. See Art,
1. A distinct portion of an instrument, discourse, literary
work, or any other writing, consisting of two or more
particulars, or treating of various topics; as, an article
in the Constitution. Hence: A clause in a contract, system
of regulations, treaty, or the like; a term, condition, or
stipulation in a contract; a concise statement; as,
articles of agreement.
2. A literary composition, forming an independent portion of
a magazine, newspaper, or cyclopedia.
3. Subject; matter; concern; distinct. [Obs.]
A very great revolution that happened in this
article of good breeding. --Addison.
This last article will hardly be believed. --De Foe.
4. A distinct part. "Upon each article of human duty."
--Paley. "Each article of time." --Habington.
The articles which compose the blood. --E. Darwin.
5. A particular one of various things; as, an article of
merchandise; salt is a necessary article.
They would fight not for articles of faith, but for
articles of food. --Landor.
6. Precise point of time; moment. [Obs. or Archaic]
This fatal news coming to Hick's Hall upon the
article of my Lord Russell's trial, was said to have
had no little influence on the jury and all the
bench to his prejudice. --Evelyn.
7. (Gram.) One of the three words, a, an, the, used before
nouns to limit or define their application. A (or an) is
called the indefinite article, the the definite article.
8. (Zool.) One of the segments of an articulated appendage.
Articles of Confederation, the compact which was first made
by the original thirteen States of the United States. They
were adopted March 1, 1781, and remained the supreme law
until March, 1789.
Articles of impeachment, an instrument which, in cases of
impeachment, performs the same office which an indictment
does in a common criminal case.
Articles of war, rules and regulations, fixed by law, for
the better government of the army.
In the article of death [L. in articulo mortis], at the
moment of death; in the dying struggle.
Lords of the articles (Scot. Hist.), a standing committee
of the Scottish Parliament to whom was intrusted the
drafting and preparation of the acts, or bills for laws.
The Thirty-nine Articles, statements (thirty-nine in
number) of the tenets held by the Church of England.