The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Potato \Po*ta"to\, n.; pl. Potatoes. [Sp. patata potato,
batata sweet potato, from the native American name (probably
batata) in Hayti.] (Bot.)
(a) A plant (Solanum tuberosum) of the Nightshade
family, and its esculent farinaceous tuber, of which
there are numerous varieties used for food. It is
native of South America, but a form of the species is
found native as far north as New Mexico.
(b) The sweet potato (see below).
Potato beetle, Potato bug. (Zool.)
(a) A beetle (Doryphora decemlineata) which feeds, both
in the larval and adult stages, upon the leaves of the
potato, often doing great damage. Called also
Colorado potato beetle, and Doryphora. See
(b) The Lema trilineata, a smaller and more slender
striped beetle which feeds upon the potato plant, bur
does less injury than the preceding species.
Potato fly (Zool.), any one of several species of blister
beetles infesting the potato vine. The black species
(Lytta atrata), the striped (Lytta vittata), and the
gray (Lytta Fabricii syn. Lytta cinerea) are the most
common. See Blister beetle, under Blister.
Potato rot, a disease of the tubers of the potato, supposed
to be caused by a kind of mold (Peronospora infestans),
which is first seen upon the leaves and stems.
Potato weevil (Zool.), an American weevil (Baridius
trinotatus) whose larva lives in and kills the stalks of
potato vines, often causing serious damage to the crop.
Potato whisky, a strong, fiery liquor, having a hot, smoky
taste, and rich in amyl alcohol (fusel oil); it is made
from potatoes or potato starch.
Potato worm (Zool.), the large green larva of a sphinx, or
hawk moth (Macrosila quinquemaculata); -- called also
tomato worm. See Illust. under Tomato.
Seaside potato (Bot.), Ipom[oe]a Pes-Capr[ae], a kind of
morning-glory with rounded and emarginate or bilobed
leaves. [West Indies]
Sweet potato (Bot.), a climbing plant (Ipom[oe]a Balatas)
allied to the morning-glory. Its farinaceous tubers have a
sweetish taste, and are used, when cooked, for food. It is
probably a native of Brazil, but is cultivated extensively
in the warmer parts of every continent, and even as far
north as New Jersey. The name potato was applied to this
plant before it was to the Solanum tuberosum, and this
is the "potato" of the Southern United States.
Wild potato. (Bot.)
(a) A vine (Ipom[oe]a pandurata) having a pale purplish
flower and an enormous root. It is common in sandy
places in the United States.
(b) A similar tropical American plant (Ipom[oe]a
fastigiata) which it is thought may have been the
original stock of the sweet potato.
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Man \Man\ (m[a^]n), n.; pl. Men (m[e^]n). [AS. mann, man,
monn, mon; akin to OS., D., & OHG. man, G. mann, Icel.
ma[eth]r, for mannr, Dan. Mand, Sw. man, Goth. manna, Skr.
manu, manus, and perh. to Skr. man to think, and E. mind.
[root]104. Cf. Minx a pert girl.]
1. A human being; -- opposed to beast.
These men went about wide, and man found they none,
But fair country, and wild beast many [a] one. --R.
The king is but a man, as I am; the violet smells to
him as it doth to me. --Shak.
'Tain't a fit night out for man nor beast! --W. C.
2. Especially: An adult male person; a grown-up male person,
as distinguished from a woman or a child.
When I became a man, I put away childish things. --I
Cor. xiii. 11.
Ceneus, a woman once, and once a man. --Dryden.
3. The human race; mankind.
And God said, Let us make man in our image, after
our likeness, and let them have dominion. --Gen. i.
The proper study of mankind is man. --Pope.
4. The male portion of the human race.
Woman has, in general, much stronger propensity than
man to the discharge of parental duties. --Cowper.
5. One possessing in a high degree the distinctive qualities
of manhood; one having manly excellence of any kind.
This was the noblest Roman of them all . . . the
So mixed in him that Nature might stand up
And say to all the world "This was a man!" --Shak.
6. An adult male servant; also, a vassal; a subject.
Like master, like man. --Old Proverb.
The vassal, or tenant, kneeling, ungirt, uncovered,
and holding up his hands between those of his lord,
professed that he did become his man from that day
forth, of life, limb, and earthly honor.
7. A term of familiar address at one time implying on the
part of the speaker some degree of authority, impatience,
or haste; as, Come, man, we 've no time to lose! In the
latter half of the 20th century it became used in a
broader sense as simply a familiar and informal form of
address, but is not used in business or formal situations;
as, hey, man! You want to go to a movie tonight?.
[1913 Webster +PJC]
8. A married man; a husband; -- correlative to wife.
I pronounce that they are man and wife. --Book of
every wife ought to answer for her man. --Addison.
9. One, or any one, indefinitely; -- a modified survival of
the Saxon use of man, or mon, as an indefinite pronoun.
A man can not make him laugh. --Shak.
A man would expect to find some antiquities; but all
they have to show of this nature is an old rostrum
of a Roman ship. --Addison.
10. One of the piece with which certain games, as chess or
draughts, are played.
Note: Man is often used as a prefix in composition, or as a
separate adjective, its sense being usually
self-explaining; as, man child, man eater or maneater,
man-eating, man hater or manhater, man-hating,
manhunter, man-hunting, mankiller, man-killing, man
midwife, man pleaser, man servant, man-shaped,
manslayer, manstealer, man-stealing, manthief, man
Man is also used as a suffix to denote a person of the
male sex having a business which pertains to the thing
spoken of in the qualifying part of the compound;
ashman, butterman, laundryman, lumberman, milkman,
fireman, repairman, showman, waterman, woodman. Where
the combination is not familiar, or where some specific
meaning of the compound is to be avoided, man is used
as a separate substantive in the foregoing sense; as,
apple man, cloth man, coal man, hardware man, wood man
(as distinguished from woodman).
Man ape (Zool.), a anthropoid ape, as the gorilla.
Man at arms, a designation of the fourteenth and fifteenth
centuries for a soldier fully armed.
Man engine, a mechanical lift for raising or lowering
people through considerable distances; specifically
(Mining), a contrivance by which miners ascend or descend
in a shaft. It consists of a series of landings in the
shaft and an equal number of shelves on a vertical rod
which has an up and down motion equal to the distance
between the successive landings. A man steps from a
landing to a shelf and is lifted or lowered to the next
landing, upon which he them steps, and so on, traveling by
Man Friday, a person wholly subservient to the will of
another, like Robinson Crusoe's servant Friday.
Man of straw, a puppet; one who is controlled by others;
also, one who is not responsible pecuniarily.
Man-of-the earth (Bot.), a twining plant (Ipomoea
pandurata) with leaves and flowers much like those of the
morning-glory, but having an immense tuberous farinaceous
Man of sin (Script.), one who is the embodiment of evil,
whose coming is represented (--2 Thess. ii. 3) as
preceding the second coming of Christ. [A Hebraistic
Man of war.
(a) A warrior; a soldier. --Shak.
(b) (Naut.) See in the Vocabulary.
(c) See Portuguese man-of-war under man-of-war and
also see Physalia.
Man-stopping bullet (Mil.), a bullet which will produce a
sufficient shock to stop a soldier advancing in a charge;
specif., a small-caliber bullet so modified as to expand
when striking the human body, producing a severe wound
which is also difficult to treat medically. Types of
bullets called hollow-nosed bullets, soft-nosed
bullets and hollow-point bullets are classed as
man-stopping. The dumdum bullet or dumdum is another
well-known variety. Such bullets were originally designed
for wars with savage tribes.
great man, a man who has become prominent due to
substantial and widely admired contributions to social or
intellectual endeavors; as, Einstein was one of the great
men of the twentieth century.
To be one's own man, to have command of one's self; not to
be subject to another.
[1913 Webster +PJC]