The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Indian \In"di*an\ (?; 277), a. [From India, and this fr. Indus,
the name of a river in Asia, L. Indus, Gr. ?, OPers. Hindu,
name of the land on the Indus, Skr. sindhu river, the Indus.
1. Of or pertaining to India proper; also to the East Indies,
or, sometimes, to the West Indies.
2. Of or pertaining to the aborigines, or Indians, of
America; as, Indian wars; the Indian tomahawk.
3. Made of maize or Indian corn; as, Indian corn, Indian
meal, Indian bread, and the like. [U.S.]
Indian bay (Bot.), a lauraceous tree (Persea Indica).
Indian bean (Bot.), a name of the catalpa.
Indian berry. (Bot.) Same as Cocculus indicus.
Indian bread. (Bot.) Same as Cassava.
Indian club, a wooden club, which is swung by the hand for
Indian cordage, cordage made of the fibers of cocoanut
Indian cress (Bot.), nasturtium. See Nasturtium, 2.
Indian cucumber (Bot.), a plant of the genus Medeola
(Medeola Virginica), a common in woods in the United
States. The white rootstock has a taste like cucumbers.
Indian currant (Bot.), a plant of the genus
Symphoricarpus (Symphoricarpus vulgaris), bearing
small red berries.
Indian dye, the puccoon.
Indian fig. (Bot.)
(a) The banyan. See Banyan.
(b) The prickly pear.
Indian file, single file; arrangement of persons in a row
following one after another, the usual way among Indians
of traversing woods, especially when on the war path.
Indian fire, a pyrotechnic composition of sulphur, niter,
and realgar, burning with a brilliant white light.
Indian grass (Bot.), a coarse, high grass (Chrysopogon
nutans), common in the southern portions of the United
States; wood grass. --Gray.
Indian hemp. (Bot.)
(a) A plant of the genus Apocynum (Apocynum
cannabinum), having a milky juice, and a tough,
fibrous bark, whence the name. The root it used in
medicine and is both emetic and cathartic in
(b) The variety of common hemp (Cannabis Indica), from
which hasheesh is obtained.
Indian mallow (Bot.), the velvet leaf (Abutilon
Avicenn[ae]). See Abutilon.
Indian meal, ground corn or maize. [U.S.]
Indian millet (Bot.), a tall annual grass (Sorghum
vulgare), having many varieties, among which are broom
corn, Guinea corn, durra, and the Chinese sugar cane. It
is called also Guinea corn. See Durra.
Indian ox (Zool.), the zebu.
Indian paint. See Bloodroot.
Indian paper. See India paper, under India.
Indian physic (Bot.), a plant of two species of the genus
Gillenia (Gillenia trifoliata, and Gillenia
stipulacea), common in the United States, the roots of
which are used in medicine as a mild emetic; -- called
also American ipecac, and bowman's root. --Gray.
Indian pink. (Bot.)
(a) The Cypress vine (Ipom[oe]a Quamoclit); -- so called
in the West Indies.
(b) See China pink, under China.
Indian pipe (Bot.), a low, fleshy herb (Monotropa
uniflora), growing in clusters in dark woods, and having
scalelike leaves, and a solitary nodding flower. The whole
plant is waxy white, but turns black in drying.
Indian plantain (Bot.), a name given to several species of
the genus Cacalia, tall herbs with composite white
flowers, common through the United States in rich woods.
Indian poke (Bot.), a plant usually known as the white
hellebore (Veratrum viride).
Indian pudding, a pudding of which the chief ingredients
are Indian meal, milk, and molasses.
(a) A dull purple color.
(b) The pigment of the same name, intensely blue and
(a) A purplish red earth or pigment composed of a silicate
of iron and alumina, with magnesia. It comes from the
Persian Gulf. Called also Persian red.
(b) See Almagra.
Indian rice (Bot.), a reedlike water grass. See Rice.
Indian shot (Bot.), a plant of the genus Canna (Canna
Indica). The hard black seeds are as large as swan shot.
Indian summer, in the United States, a period of warm and
pleasant weather occurring late in autumn. See under
Indian tobacco (Bot.), a species of Lobelia. See
Indian turnip (Bot.), an American plant of the genus
Aris[ae]ma. Aris[ae]ma triphyllum has a wrinkled
farinaceous root resembling a small turnip, but with a
very acrid juice. See Jack in the Pulpit, and
Indian wheat, maize or Indian corn.
(a) An intense rich yellow color, deeper than gamboge but
less pure than cadmium.
(b) See Euxanthin.
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Wheat \Wheat\ (hw[=e]t), n. [OE. whete, AS. hw[=ae]te; akin to
OS. hw[=e]ti, D. weit, G. weizen, OHG. weizzi, Icel. hveiti,
Sw. hvete, Dan. hvede, Goth. hwaiteis, and E. white. See
A cereal grass (Triticum vulgare) and its grain, which
furnishes a white flour for bread, and, next to rice, is the
grain most largely used by the human race.
Note: Of this grain the varieties are numerous, as red wheat,
white wheat, bald wheat, bearded wheat, winter wheat,
summer wheat, and the like. Wheat is not known to exist
as a wild native plant, and all statements as to its
origin are either incorrect or at best only guesses.
Buck wheat. (Bot.) See Buckwheat.
German wheat. (Bot.) See 2d Spelt.
Guinea wheat (Bot.), a name for Indian corn.
Indian wheat, or Tartary wheat (Bot.), a grain
(Fagopyrum Tartaricum) much like buckwheat, but only
half as large.
Turkey wheat (Bot.), a name for Indian corn.
Wheat aphid, or Wheat aphis (Zool.), any one of several
species of Aphis and allied genera, which suck the sap
of growing wheat.
Wheat beetle. (Zool.)
(a) A small, slender, rusty brown beetle (Sylvanus
Surinamensis) whose larvae feed upon wheat, rice, and
(b) A very small, reddish brown, oval beetle (Anobium
paniceum) whose larvae eat the interior of grains of
Wheat duck (Zool.), the American widgeon. [Western U. S.]
Wheat fly. (Zool.) Same as Wheat midge, below.
Wheat grass (Bot.), a kind of grass (Agropyrum caninum)
somewhat resembling wheat. It grows in the northern parts
of Europe and America.
Wheat jointworm. (Zool.) See Jointworm.
Wheat louse (Zool.), any wheat aphid.
Wheat maggot (Zool.), the larva of a wheat midge.
Wheat midge. (Zool.)
(a) A small two-winged fly (Diplosis tritici) which is very
destructive to growing wheat, both in Europe and America.
The female lays her eggs in the flowers of wheat, and the
larvae suck the juice of the young kernels and when full
grown change to pupae in the earth.
(b) The Hessian fly. See under Hessian.
Wheat moth (Zool.), any moth whose larvae devour the grains
of wheat, chiefly after it is harvested; a grain moth. See
Angoumois Moth, also Grain moth, under Grain.
Wheat thief (Bot.), gromwell; -- so called because it is a
troublesome weed in wheat fields. See Gromwell.
Wheat thrips (Zool.), a small brown thrips (Thrips
cerealium) which is very injurious to the grains of
Wheat weevil. (Zool.)
(a) The grain weevil.
(b) The rice weevil when found in wheat.