The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
History \His"to*ry\, n.; pl. Histories. [L. historia, Gr.
'istori`a history, information, inquiry, fr. 'istwr, "istwr,
knowing, learned, from the root of ? to know; akin to E. wit.
See Wit, and cf. Story.]
1. A learning or knowing by inquiry; the knowledge of facts
and events, so obtained; hence, a formal statement of such
information; a narrative; a description; a written record;
as, the history of a patient's case; the history of a
2. A systematic, written account of events, particularly of
those affecting a nation, institution, science, or art,
and usually connected with a philosophical explanation of
their causes; a true story, as distinguished from a
romance; -- distinguished also from annals, which relate
simply the facts and events of each year, in strict
chronological order; from biography, which is the record
of an individual's life; and from memoir, which is history
composed from personal experience, observation, and
Histories are as perfect as the historian is wise,
and is gifted with an eye and a soul. --Carlyle.
For aught that I could ever read,
Could ever hear by tale or history. --Shak.
What histories of toil could I declare! --Pope.
History piece, a representation in painting, drawing, etc.,
of any real event, including the actors and the action.
Natural history, a description and classification of
objects in nature, as minerals, plants, animals, etc., and
the phenomena which they exhibit to the senses.
Syn: Chronicle; annals; relation; narration.
Usage: History, Chronicle, Annals. History is a
methodical record of important events which concern a
community of men, usually so arranged as to show the
connection of causes and effects, to give an analysis
of motive and action etc. A chronicle is a record of
such events, conforming to the order of time as its
distinctive feature. Annals are a chronicle divided up
into separate years. By poetic license annals is
sometimes used for history.
Justly C[ae]sar scorns the poet's lays;
It is to history he trusts for praise. --Pope.
No more yet of this;
For 't is a chronicle of day by day,
Not a relation for a breakfast. --Shak.
Many glorious examples in the annals of our