[syn: hermit, recluse, solitary, solitudinarian, troglodyte]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Hermit \Her"mit\, n. [OE. ermite, eremite, heremit, heremite, F.
hermite, ermite, L. eremita, Gr. ?, fr. ? lonely, solitary.
1. A person who retires from society and lives in solitude; a
recluse; an anchoret; especially, one who so lives from
He had been Duke of Savoy, and after a very glorious
reign, took on him the habit of a hermit, and
retired into this solitary spot. --Addison.
2. A beadsman; one bound to pray for another. [Obs.] "We rest
your hermits." --Shak.
3. (Cookery) A spiced molasses cookie, often containing
chopped raisins and nuts.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]
Hermit crab (Zool.), a marine decapod crustacean of the
family Pagurid[ae]. The species are numerous, and belong
to many genera. Called also soldier crab. The hermit
crabs usually occupy the dead shells of various univalve
mollusks. See Illust. of Commensal.
Hermit thrush (Zool.), an American thrush (Turdus
Pallasii), with retiring habits, but having a sweet song.
Hermit warbler (Zool.), a California wood warbler
(Dendroica occidentalis), having the head yellow, the
throat black, and the back gray, with black streaks.
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
n 1: one retired from society for religious reasons [syn:
2: one who lives in solitude [syn: hermit, recluse,
solitary, solitudinarian, troglodyte]
Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:
97 Moby Thesaurus words for "hermit":
Albigensian, Catharist, Diogenes, Franciscan, Hieronymian,
Hieronymite, Sabbatarian, Timon of Athens, Trappist, Waldensian,
abbacomes, abbot, abstainer, alien, anchoress, anchoret, anchorite,
ascetic, beadsman, bedridden invalid, bhikshu, brother, caloyer,
case, celibate, cenobite, character, cloistered monk, closet cynic,
conventual, conventual prior, crackpot, crank, dervish,
desert fathers, desert saints, eccentric, eremite, fakir, fanatic,
flagellant, friar, grand prior, hermitess, hieromonach, hobo,
homebody, invalid, isolationist, kook, lay abbot, lay brother,
lone wolf, loner, marabout, maverick, mendicant, meshuggenah,
monastic, monk, natural, nonconformist, nut, odd fellow, oddball,
oddity, original, outcast, outsider, palmer, pariah, pilgrim,
pillar saint, pillarist, prior, puritan, queer duck, queer fish,
queer specimen, rara avis, recluse, religieux, religious, sannyasi,
screwball, seclusionist, shut-in, solitaire, solitary,
solitudinarian, stay-at-home, stylite, tramp, type, yogi, yogin,
The Devil's Dictionary (1881-1906):
HERMIT, n. A person whose vices and follies are not sociable.