[syn: goldmine, gold mine]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Gold \Gold\ (g[=o]ld), n. [AS. gold; akin to D. goud, OS. & G.
gold, Icel. gull, Sw. & Dan. guld, Goth. gul[thorn], Russ. &
OSlav. zlato; prob. akin to E. yellow. [root]49, 234. See
Yellow, and cf. Gild, v. t.]
1. (Chem.) A metallic element of atomic number 79,
constituting the most precious metal used as a common
commercial medium of exchange. It has a characteristic
yellow color, is one of the heaviest substances known
(specific gravity 19.32), is soft, and very malleable and
ductile. It is quite unalterable by heat (melting point
1064.4[deg] C), moisture, and most corrosive agents, and
therefore well suited for its use in coin and jewelry.
Symbol Au (Aurum). Atomic weight 196.97.
Note: Native gold contains usually eight to ten per cent of
silver, but often much more. As the amount of silver
increases, the color becomes whiter and the specific
gravity lower. Gold is very widely disseminated, as in
the sands of many rivers, but in very small quantity.
It usually occurs in quartz veins (gold quartz), in
slate and metamorphic rocks, or in sand and alluvial
soil, resulting from the disintegration of such rocks.
It also occurs associated with other metallic
substances, as in auriferous pyrites, and is combined
with tellurium in the minerals petzite, calaverite,
sylvanite, etc. Pure gold is too soft for ordinary use,
and is hardened by alloying with silver and copper, the
latter giving a characteristic reddish tinge. [See
Carat.] Gold also finds use in gold foil, in the
pigment purple of Cassius, and in the chloride, which
is used as a toning agent in photography.
2. Money; riches; wealth.
For me, the gold of France did not seduce. --Shak.
3. A yellow color, like that of the metal; as, a flower
tipped with gold.
4. Figuratively, something precious or pure; as, hearts of
Age of gold. See Golden age, under Golden.
Dutch gold, Fool's gold, Gold dust, etc. See under
Dutch, Dust, etc.
Gold amalgam, a mineral, found in Columbia and California,
composed of gold and mercury.
Gold beater, one whose occupation is to beat gold into gold
Gold beater's skin, the prepared outside membrane of the
large intestine of the ox, used for separating the leaves
of metal during the process of gold-beating.
Gold beetle (Zool.), any small gold-colored beetle of the
family Chrysomelid[ae]; -- called also golden beetle.
Gold blocking, printing with gold leaf, as upon a book
cover, by means of an engraved block. --Knight.
Gold cloth. See Cloth of gold, under Cloth.
Gold Coast, a part of the coast of Guinea, in West Africa.
Gold cradle. (Mining) See Cradle, n., 7.
Gold diggings, the places, or region, where gold is found
by digging in sand and gravel from which it is separated
Gold end, a fragment of broken gold or jewelry.
(a) A buyer of old gold or jewelry.
(b) A goldsmith's apprentice.
(c) An itinerant jeweler. "I know him not: he looks like a
gold-end man." --B. Jonson.
Gold fever, a popular mania for gold hunting.
Gold field, a region in which are deposits of gold.
(a) One who finds gold.
(b) One who empties privies. [Obs. & Low] --Swift.
Gold flower, a composite plant with dry and persistent
yellow radiating involucral scales, the Helichrysum
St[oe]chas of Southern Europe. There are many South
African species of the same genus.
Gold foil, thin sheets of gold, as used by dentists and
others. See Gold leaf.
Gold knobs or Gold knoppes (Bot.), buttercups.
Gold lace, a kind of lace, made of gold thread.
Gold latten, a thin plate of gold or gilded metal.
Gold leaf, gold beaten into a film of extreme thinness, and
used for gilding, etc. It is much thinner than gold foil.
Gold lode (Mining), a gold vein.
Gold mine, a place where gold is obtained by mining
operations, as distinguished from diggings, where it is
extracted by washing. Cf. Gold diggings (above).
Gold nugget, a lump of gold as found in gold mining or
digging; -- called also a pepito.
Gold paint. See Gold shell.
Gold pheasant, or Golden pheasant. (Zool.) See under
Gold plate, a general name for vessels, dishes, cups,
spoons, etc., made of gold.
Mosaic gold. See under Mosaic.
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Mine \Mine\, n. [F., fr. LL. mina. See Mine, v. i.]
1. A subterranean cavity or passage; especially:
(a) A pit or excavation in the earth, from which metallic
ores, precious stones, coal, or other mineral
substances are taken by digging; -- distinguished from
the pits from which stones for architectural purposes
are taken, and which are called quarries.
(b) (Mil.) A cavity or tunnel made under a fortification
or other work, for the purpose of blowing up the
superstructure with some explosive agent.
2. Any place where ore, metals, or precious stones are got by
digging or washing the soil; as, a placer mine.
3. (Fig.): A rich source of wealth or other good. --Shak.
4. (Mil.) An explosive device placed concealed in a location,
on land or at sea, where an enemy vehicle or enemy
personnel may pass through, having a triggering mechanism
which detects people or vehicles, and which will explode
and kill or maim personnel or destroy or damage vehicles.
A mine placed at sea (formerly called a torpedo, see
(a) ) is also called an marine mine and underwater mine
and sometimes called a floating mine, even though it
may be anchored to the floor of the sea and not
actually float freely. A mine placed on land (formerly
called a torpedo, see torpedo), usually buried,
is called a land mine.
Mine dial, a form of magnetic compass used by miners.
Mine pig, pig iron made wholly from ore; in distinction
from cinder pig, which is made from ore mixed with forge
or mill cinder.
(a) a mine where gold is obtained.
(b) (Fig.) a rich source of wealth or other good; same as
Mine 3. --Raymond.
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
n 1: a good source of something that is desired [syn:
goldmine, gold mine]
2: a mine where gold ore is found [syn: goldmine, gold mine]
Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:
36 Moby Thesaurus words for "gold mine":
Eldorado, Golconda, bank, bonanza, coal mine, colliery, cornucopia,
diggings, eldorado, font, fount, fountain, gravy train, lode, mine,
mine of wealth, mother lode, open cut, opencast, pit, quarry,
resource, rich lode, rich uncle, shaft, source, source of supply,
spring, staple, treasure trove, treasure-house, treasury, vein,
well, wellspring, workings