The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Foot \Foot\ (f[oo^]t), n.; pl. Feet (f[=e]t). [OE. fot, foot,
pl. fet, feet. AS. f[=o]t, pl. f[=e]t; akin to D. voet, OHG.
fuoz, G. fuss, Icel. f[=o]tr, Sw. fot, Dan. fod, Goth.
f[=o]tus, L. pes, Gr. poy`s, Skr. p[=a]d, Icel. fet step,
pace measure of a foot, feta to step, find one's way.
[root]77, 250. Cf. Antipodes, Cap-a-pie, Expedient,
Fet to fetch, Fetlock, Fetter, Pawn a piece in chess,
1. (Anat.) The terminal part of the leg of man or an animal;
esp., the part below the ankle or wrist; that part of an
animal upon which it rests when standing, or moves. See
Manus, and Pes.
2. (Zool.) The muscular locomotive organ of a mollusk. It is
a median organ arising from the ventral region of body,
often in the form of a flat disk, as in snails. See
Illust. of Buccinum.
3. That which corresponds to the foot of a man or animal; as,
the foot of a table; the foot of a stocking.
4. The lowest part or base; the ground part; the bottom, as
of a mountain, column, or page; also, the last of a row or
series; the end or extremity, esp. if associated with
inferiority; as, the foot of a hill; the foot of the
procession; the foot of a class; the foot of the bed;; the
foot of the page.
And now at foot
Of heaven's ascent they lift their feet. --Milton.
5. Fundamental principle; basis; plan; -- used only in the
Answer directly upon the foot of dry reason.
6. Recognized condition; rank; footing; -- used only in the
As to his being on the foot of a servant. --Walpole.
7. A measure of length equivalent to twelve inches; one third
of a yard. See Yard.
Note: This measure is supposed to be taken from the length of
a man's foot. It differs in length in different
countries. In the United States and in England it is
8. (Mil.) Soldiers who march and fight on foot; the infantry,
usually designated as the foot, in distinction from the
cavalry. "Both horse and foot." --Milton.
9. (Pros.) A combination of syllables consisting a metrical
element of a verse, the syllables being formerly
distinguished by their quantity or length, but in modern
poetry by the accent.
10. (Naut.) The lower edge of a sail.
Note: Foot is often used adjectively, signifying of or
pertaining to a foot or the feet, or to the base or
lower part. It is also much used as the first of
Foot artillery. (Mil.)
(a) Artillery soldiers serving in foot.
(b) Heavy artillery. --Farrow.
Foot bank (Fort.), a raised way within a parapet.
Foot barracks (Mil.), barracks for infantery.
Foot bellows, a bellows worked by a treadle. --Knight.
Foot company (Mil.), a company of infantry. --Milton.
Foot gear, covering for the feet, as stocking, shoes, or
Foot hammer (Mach.), a small tilt hammer moved by a
(a) The step of a carriage.
(b) A fetter.
Foot jaw. (Zool.) See Maxilliped.
Foot key (Mus.), an organ pedal.
Foot level (Gunnery), a form of level used in giving any
proposed angle of elevation to a piece of ordnance.
Foot mantle, a long garment to protect the dress in riding;
a riding skirt. [Obs.]
Foot page, an errand boy; an attendant. [Obs.]
Foot passenger, one who passes on foot, as over a road or
Foot pavement, a paved way for foot passengers; a footway;
Foot poet, an inferior poet; a poetaster. [R.] --Dryden.
(a) A letter carrier who travels on foot.
(b) A mail delivery by means of such carriers.
Fot pound, & Foot poundal. (Mech.) See Foot pound and
Foot poundal, in the Vocabulary.
Foot press (Mach.), a cutting, embossing, or printing
press, moved by a treadle.
Foot race, a race run by persons on foot. --Cowper.
Foot rail, a railroad rail, with a wide flat flange on the
Foot rot, an ulcer in the feet of sheep; claw sickness.
Foot rule, a rule or measure twelve inches long.
Foot screw, an adjusting screw which forms a foot, and
serves to give a machine or table a level standing on an
Foot secretion. (Zool.) See Sclerobase.
Foot soldier, a soldier who serves on foot.
Foot stick (Printing), a beveled piece of furniture placed
against the foot of the page, to hold the type in place.
Foot stove, a small box, with an iron pan, to hold hot
coals for warming the feet.
Foot tubercle. (Zool.) See Parapodium.
Foot valve (Steam Engine), the valve that opens to the air
pump from the condenser.
Foot vise, a kind of vise the jaws of which are operated by
Foot waling (Naut.), the inside planks or lining of a
vessel over the floor timbers. --Totten.
Foot wall (Mining), the under wall of an inclosed vein.
By foot, or On foot, by walking; as, to pass a stream on
Cubic foot. See under Cubic.
Foot and mouth disease, a contagious disease (Eczema
epizo["o]tica) of cattle, sheep, swine, etc.,
characterized by the formation of vesicles and ulcers in
the mouth and about the hoofs.
Foot of the fine (Law), the concluding portion of an
acknowledgment in court by which, formerly, the title of
land was conveyed. See Fine of land, under Fine, n.;
also Chirograph. (b).
Square foot. See under Square.
To be on foot, to be in motion, action, or process of
To keep the foot (Script.), to preserve decorum. "Keep thy
foot when thou goest to the house of God." --Eccl. v. 1.
To put one's foot down, to take a resolute stand; to be
To put the best foot foremost, to make a good appearance;
to do one's best. [Colloq.]
To set on foot, to put in motion; to originate; as, to set
on foot a subscription.
To put one on his feet, or set one on his feet, to put
one in a position to go on; to assist to start.
(a) Under the feet; (Fig.) at one's mercy; as, to trample
under foot. --Gibbon.
(b) Below par. [Obs.] "They would be forced to sell . . .
far under foot." --Bacon.
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Screw \Screw\ (skr[udd]), n. [OE. scrue, OF. escroue, escroe,
female screw, F. ['e]crou, L. scrobis a ditch, trench, in
LL., the hole made by swine in rooting; cf. D. schroef a
screw, G. schraube, Icel. skr[=u]fa.]
1. A cylinder, or a cylindrical perforation, having a
continuous rib, called the thread, winding round it
spirally at a constant inclination, so as to leave a
continuous spiral groove between one turn and the next, --
used chiefly for producing, when revolved, motion or
pressure in the direction of its axis, by the sliding of
the threads of the cylinder in the grooves between the
threads of the perforation adapted to it, the former being
distinguished as the external, or male screw, or, more
usually the screw; the latter as the internal, or female
screw, or, more usually, the nut.
Note: The screw, as a mechanical power, is a modification of
the inclined plane, and may be regarded as a
right-angled triangle wrapped round a cylinder, the
hypotenuse of the marking the spiral thread of the
screw, its base equaling the circumference of the
cylinder, and its height the pitch of the thread.
2. Specifically, a kind of nail with a spiral thread and a
head with a nick to receive the end of the screw-driver.
Screws are much used to hold together pieces of wood or to
fasten something; -- called also wood screws, and screw
nails. See also Screw bolt, below.
3. Anything shaped or acting like a screw; esp., a form of
wheel for propelling steam vessels. It is placed at the
stern, and furnished with blades having helicoidal
surfaces to act against the water in the manner of a
screw. See Screw propeller, below.
4. A steam vesel propelled by a screw instead of wheels; a
screw steamer; a propeller.
5. An extortioner; a sharp bargainer; a skinflint; a niggard.
6. An instructor who examines with great or unnecessary
severity; also, a searching or strict examination of a
student by an instructor. [Cant, American Colleges]
7. A small packet of tobacco. [Slang] --Mayhew.
8. An unsound or worn-out horse, useful as a hack, and
commonly of good appearance. --Ld. Lytton.
9. (Math.) A straight line in space with which a definite
linear magnitude termed the pitch is associated (cf. 5th
(b) ). It is used to express the displacement of a rigid
body, which may always be made to consist of a
rotation about an axis combined with a translation
parallel to that axis.
10. (Zool.) An amphipod crustacean; as, the skeleton screw
(Caprella). See Sand screw, under Sand.
Archimedes screw, Compound screw, Foot screw, etc. See
under Archimedes, Compound, Foot, etc.
A screw loose, something out of order, so that work is not
done smoothly; as, there is a screw loose somewhere. --H.
Endless screw, or perpetual screw, a screw used to give
motion to a toothed wheel by the action of its threads
between the teeth of the wheel; -- called also a worm.
Lag screw. See under Lag.
Micrometer screw, a screw with fine threads, used for the
measurement of very small spaces.
Right and left screw, a screw having threads upon the
opposite ends which wind in opposite directions.
Screw alley. See Shaft alley, under Shaft.
Screw bean. (Bot.)
(a) The curious spirally coiled pod of a leguminous tree
(Prosopis pubescens) growing from Texas to
California. It is used for fodder, and ground into
meal by the Indians.
(b) The tree itself. Its heavy hard wood is used for
fuel, for fencing, and for railroad ties.
Screw bolt, a bolt having a screw thread on its shank, in
distinction from a key bolt. See 1st Bolt, 3.
Screw box, a device, resembling a die, for cutting the
thread on a wooden screw.
Screw dock. See under Dock.
Screw engine, a marine engine for driving a screw
Screw gear. See Spiral gear, under Spiral.
Screw jack. Same as Jackscrew.
Screw key, a wrench for turning a screw or nut; a spanner
(a) One of a series of machines employed in the
manufacture of wood screws.
(b) A machine tool resembling a lathe, having a number of
cutting tools that can be caused to act on the work
successively, for making screws and other turned
pieces from metal rods.
Screw pine (Bot.), any plant of the endogenous genus
Pandanus, of which there are about fifty species,
natives of tropical lands from Africa to Polynesia; --
named from the spiral arrangement of the pineapple-like
Screw plate, a device for cutting threads on small screws,
consisting of a thin steel plate having a series of
perforations with internal screws forming dies.
Screw press, a press in which pressure is exerted by means
of a screw.
Screw propeller, a screw or spiral bladed wheel, used in
the propulsion of steam vessels; also, a steam vessel
propelled by a screw.
Screw shell (Zool.), a long, slender, spiral gastropod
shell, especially of the genus Turritella and allied
genera. See Turritella.
Screw steamer, a steamship propelled by a screw.
Screw thread, the spiral rib which forms a screw.
Screw stone (Paleon.), the fossil stem of an encrinite.
Screw tree (Bot.), any plant of the genus Helicteres,
consisting of about thirty species of tropical shrubs,
with simple leaves and spirally twisted, five-celled
capsules; -- also called twisted-horn, and twisty.
Screw valve, a stop valve which is opened or closed by a
Screw worm (Zool.), the larva of an American fly
(Compsomyia macellaria), allied to the blowflies, which
sometimes deposits its eggs in the nostrils, or about
wounds, in man and other animals, with fatal results.
(a) A wrench for turning a screw.
(b) A wrench with an adjustable jaw that is moved by a
To put the screws on or To put the screw on, to use
pressure upon, as for the purpose of extortion; to coerce.
To put under the screw or To put under the screws, to
subject to pressure; to force.
Wood screw, a metal screw with a sharp thread of coarse
pitch, adapted to holding fast in wood. See Illust. of
Wood screw, under Wood.