The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Fly \Fly\, n.; pl. Flies (fl[imac]z). [OE. flie, flege, AS.
fl[=y]ge, fle['o]ge, fr. fle['o]gan to fly; akin to D. vlieg,
OHG. flioga, G. fliege, Icel. & Sw. fluga, Dan. flue. [root]
84. See Fly, v. i.]
(a) Any winged insect; esp., one with transparent wings;
as, the Spanish fly; firefly; gall fly; dragon fly.
(b) Any dipterous insect; as, the house fly; flesh fly;
black fly. See Diptera, and Illust. in Append.
2. A hook dressed in imitation of a fly, -- used for fishing.
"The fur-wrought fly." --Gay.
3. A familiar spirit; a witch's attendant. [Obs.]
A trifling fly, none of your great familiars. --B.
4. A parasite. [Obs.] --Massinger.
5. A kind of light carriage for rapid transit, plying for
hire and usually drawn by one horse. [Eng.]
6. The length of an extended flag from its staff; sometimes,
the length from the "union" to the extreme end.
7. The part of a vane pointing the direction from which the
8. (Naut.) That part of a compass on which the points are
marked; the compass card. --Totten.
(a) Two or more vanes set on a revolving axis, to act as a
fanner, or to equalize or impede the motion of
machinery by the resistance of the air, as in the
striking part of a clock.
(b) A heavy wheel, or cross arms with weights at the ends
on a revolving axis, to regulate or equalize the
motion of machinery by means of its inertia, where the
power communicated, or the resistance to be overcome,
is variable, as in the steam engine or the coining
press. See Fly wheel (below).
10. (Knitting Machine) The piece hinged to the needle, which
holds the engaged loop in position while the needle is
penetrating another loop; a latch. --Knight.
11. The pair of arms revolving around the bobbin, in a
spinning wheel or spinning frame, to twist the yarn.
12. (Weaving) A shuttle driven through the shed by a blow or
(a) Formerly, the person who took the printed sheets from
(b) A vibrating frame with fingers, attached to a power
to a power printing press for doing the same work.
14. The outer canvas of a tent with double top, usually drawn
over the ridgepole, but so extended as to touch the roof
of the tent at no other place.
15. One of the upper screens of a stage in a theater.
16. The fore flap of a bootee; also, a lap on trousers,
overcoats, etc., to conceal a row of buttons.
17. (Baseball) A batted ball that flies to a considerable
distance, usually high in the air; also, the flight of a
ball so struck; as, it was caught on the fly. Also called
fly ball. "a fly deep into right field"
[1913 Webster +PJC]
18. (Cotton Manuf.) Waste cotton.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]
Black fly, Cheese fly, Dragon fly, etc. See under
Black, Cheese, etc. -- Fly agaric (Bot.), a mushroom
(Agaricus muscarius), having a narcotic juice which, in
sufficient quantities, is poisonous. -- Fly block
(Naut.), a pulley whose position shifts to suit the
working of the tackle with which it is connected; -- used
in the hoisting tackle of yards. -- Fly board (Printing
Press), the board on which printed sheets are deposited by
the fly. -- Fly book, a case in the form of a book for
anglers' flies. --Kingsley.Fly cap, a cap with wings,
formerly worn by women. -- Fly drill, a drill having a
reciprocating motion controlled by a fly wheel, the
driving power being applied by the hand through a cord
winding in reverse directions upon the spindle as it
rotates backward and forward. --Knight.Fly fishing, the
act or art of angling with a bait of natural or artificial
flies; fishing using a fly as bait. --Walton. -- --
Fly fisherman, one who fishes using natural or artificial
flies as bait, especially one who fishes exclusively in
that manner. -- Fly flap, an implement for killing
flies. -- Fly governor, a governor for regulating the
speed of an engine, etc., by the resistance of vanes
revolving in the air. -- Fly honeysuckle (Bot.), a plant
of the honeysuckle genus (Lonicera), having a bushy stem
and the flowers in pairs, as L. ciliata and L.
Xylosteum. -- Fly hook, a fishhook supplied with an
artificial fly. -- Fly leaf, an unprinted leaf at the
beginning or end of a book, circular, programme, etc. --
Fly maggot, a maggot bred from the egg of a fly. --Ray.
Fly net, a screen to exclude insects.
Fly nut (Mach.), a nut with wings; a thumb nut; a finger
Fly orchis (Bot.), a plant (Ophrys muscifera), whose
flowers resemble flies.
Fly paper, poisoned or sticky paper for killing flies that
feed upon or are entangled by it.
Fly powder, an arsenical powder used to poison flies.
Fly press, a screw press for punching, embossing, etc.,
operated by hand and having a heavy fly.
Fly rail, a bracket which turns out to support the hinged
leaf of a table.
Fly rod, a light fishing rod used in angling with a fly.
Fly sheet, a small loose advertising sheet; a handbill.
Fly snapper (Zool.), an American bird (Phainopepla
nitens), allied to the chatterers and shrikes. The male
is glossy blue-black; the female brownish gray.
Fly wheel (Mach.), a heavy wheel attached to machinery to
equalize the movement (opposing any sudden acceleration by
its inertia and any retardation by its momentum), and to
accumulate or give out energy for a variable or
intermitting resistance. See Fly, n., 9.
On the fly (Baseball), still in the air; -- said of a
batted ball caught before touching the ground..
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Paper \Pa"per\ (p[=a]"p[~e]r), n. [F. papier, fr. L. papyrus
papyrus, from which the Egyptians made a kind of paper, Gr.
pa`pyros. Cf. Papyrus.]
1. A substance in the form of thin sheets or leaves intended
to be written or printed on, or to be used in wrapping. It
is made of rags, straw, bark, wood, or other fibrous
material, which is first reduced to pulp, then molded,
pressed, and dried.
2. A sheet, leaf, or piece of such substance.
3. A printed or written instrument; a document, essay, or the
like; a writing; as, a paper read before a scientific
They brought a paper to me to be signed. --Dryden.
4. A printed sheet appearing periodically; a newspaper; a
journal; as, a daily paper.
5. Negotiable evidences of indebtedness; notes; bills of
exchange, and the like; as, the bank holds a large amount
of his paper.
6. Decorated hangings or coverings for walls, made of paper.
See Paper hangings, below.
7. A paper containing (usually) a definite quantity; as, a
paper of pins, tacks, opium, etc.
8. A medicinal preparation spread upon paper, intended for
external application; as, cantharides paper.
9. pl. Documents establishing a person's identity, or status,
or attesting to some right, such as the right to drive a
vehicle; as, the border guard asked for his papers.
Note: Paper is manufactured in sheets, the trade names of
which, together with the regular sizes in inches, are
shown in the following table. But paper makers vary the
Note: In the manufacture of books, etc., a sheet, of whatever
size originally, is termed, when folded once, a folio;
folded twice, a quarto, or 4to; three times, an octavo,
or 8vo; four times, a sextodecimo, or 16mo; five times,
a 32mo; three times, with an offcut folded twice and
set in, a duodecimo, or 12mo; four times, with an
offcut folded three times and set in, a 24mo.
Note: Paper is often used adjectively or in combination,
having commonly an obvious signification; as, paper
cutter or paper-cutter; paper knife, paper-knife, or
paperknife; paper maker, paper-maker, or papermaker;
paper mill or paper-mill; paper weight, paper-weight,
or paperweight, etc.
Business paper, checks, notes, drafts, etc., given in
payment of actual indebtedness; -- opposed to
Fly paper, paper covered with a sticky preparation, -- used
for catching flies.
Laid paper. See under Laid.
Paper birch (Bot.), the canoe birch tree (Betula
Paper blockade, an ineffective blockade, as by a weak naval
Paper boat (Naut.), a boat made of water-proof paper.
Paper car wheel (Railroad), a car wheel having a steel
tire, and a center formed of compressed paper held between
two plate-iron disks. --Forney.
Paper credit, credit founded upon evidences of debt, such
as promissory notes, duebills, etc.
Paper hanger, one who covers walls with paper hangings.
Paper hangings, paper printed with colored figures, or
otherwise made ornamental, prepared to be pasted against
the walls of apartments, etc.; wall paper.
Paper house, an audience composed of people who have come
in on free passes. [Cant]
Paper money, notes or bills, usually issued by government
or by a banking corporation, promising payment of money,
and circulated as the representative of coin.
Paper mulberry. (Bot.) See under Mulberry.
Paper muslin, glazed muslin, used for linings, etc.
Paper nautilus. (Zool.) See Argonauta.
Paper reed (Bot.), the papyrus.
Paper sailor. (Zool.) See Argonauta.
Paper stainer, one who colors or stamps wall paper. --De
Paper wasp (Zool.), any wasp which makes a nest of
paperlike material, as the yellow jacket.
Paper weight, any object used as a weight to prevent loose
papers from being displaced by wind, or otherwise.
(a) in writing; as, I would like to see that on paper.
(b) in theory, though not necessarily in paractice.
(c) in the design state; planned, but not yet put into
Parchment paper. See Papyrine.
Tissue paper, thin, gauzelike paper, such as is used to
protect engravings in books.
Wall paper. Same as Paper hangings, above.
Waste paper, paper thrown aside as worthless or useless,
except for uses of little account.
Wove paper, a writing paper with a uniform surface, not
ribbed or watermarked.
paper tiger, a person or group that appears to be powerful
and dangerous but is in fact weak and ineffectual.