The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Female \Fe"male\, a.
1. Belonging to the sex which conceives and gives birth to
young, or (in a wider sense) which produces ova; not male.
As patient as the female dove
When that her golden couplets are disclosed. --Shak.
2. Belonging to an individual of the female sex;
characteristic of woman; feminine; as, female tenderness.
"Female usurpation." --Milton.
To the generous decision of a female mind, we owe
the discovery of America. --Belknap.
3. (Bot.) Having pistils and no stamens; pistillate; or, in
cryptogamous plants, capable of receiving fertilization.
Female rhymes (Pros.), double rhymes, or rhymes (called in
French feminine rhymes because they end in e weak, or
feminine) in which two syllables, an accented and an
unaccented one, correspond at the end of each line.
Note: A rhyme, in which the final syllables only agree
(strain, complain) is called a male rhyme; one in which
the two final syllables of each verse agree, the last
being short (motion, ocean), is called female. --Brande
Female screw, the spiral-threaded cavity into which
another, or male, screw turns. --Nicholson.
Female fern (Bot.), a common species of fern with large
decompound fronds (Asplenium Filixf[ae]mina), growing in
many countries; lady fern.
Note: The names male fern and female fern were anciently
given to two common ferns; but it is now understood
that neither has any sexual character.
Syn: Female, Feminine.
Usage: We apply female to the sex or individual, as opposed
to male; also, to the distinctive belongings of women;
as, female dress, female form, female character, etc.;
feminine, to things appropriate to, or affected by,
women; as, feminine studies, employments,
accomplishments, etc. "Female applies to sex rather
than gender, and is a physiological rather than a
grammatical term. Feminine applies to gender rather
than sex, and is grammatical rather than