The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Hammer \Ham"mer\ (h[a^]m"m[~e]r), n. [OE. hamer, AS. hamer,
hamor; akin to D. hamer, G. & Dan. hammer, Sw. hammare, Icel.
hamarr, hammer, crag, and perh. to Gr. 'a`kmwn anvil, Skr.
1. An instrument for driving nails, beating metals, and the
like, consisting of a head, usually of steel or iron,
fixed crosswise to a handle.
With busy hammers closing rivets up. --Shak.
2. Something which in form or action resembles the common
(a) That part of a clock which strikes upon the bell to
indicate the hour.
(b) The padded mallet of a piano, which strikes the wires,
to produce the tones.
(c) (Anat.) The malleus. See under Ear.
(d) (Gun.) That part of a gunlock which strikes the
percussion cap, or firing pin; the cock; formerly,
however, a piece of steel covering the pan of a
flintlock musket and struck by the flint of the cock
to ignite the priming.
(e) Also, a person or thing that smites or shatters; as,
St. Augustine was the hammer of heresies.
He met the stern legionaries [of Rome] who had
been the "massive iron hammers" of the whole
earth. --J. H.
3. (Athletics) A spherical weight attached to a flexible
handle and hurled from a mark or ring. The weight of head
and handle is usually not less than 16 pounds.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]
Atmospheric hammer, a dead-stroke hammer in which the
spring is formed by confined air.
Drop hammer, Face hammer, etc. See under Drop, Face,
Hammer fish. See Hammerhead.
Hammer hardening, the process of hardening metal by
hammering it when cold.
Hammer shell (Zool.), any species of Malleus, a genus of
marine bivalve shells, allied to the pearl oysters, having
the wings narrow and elongated, so as to give them a
hammer-shaped outline; -- called also hammer oyster.
To bring to the hammer, to put up at auction.
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Face \Face\ (f[=a]s), n. [F., from L. facies form, shape, face,
perh. from facere to make (see Fact); or perh. orig.
meaning appearance, and from a root meaning to shine, and
akin to E. fancy. Cf. Facetious.]
1. The exterior form or appearance of anything; that part
which presents itself to the view; especially, the front
or upper part or surface; that which particularly offers
itself to the view of a spectator.
A mist . . . watered the whole face of the ground.
--Gen. ii. 6.
Lake Leman wooes me with its crystal face. --Byron.
2. That part of a body, having several sides, which may be
seen from one point, or which is presented toward a
certain direction; one of the bounding planes of a solid;
as, a cube has six faces.
(a) The principal dressed surface of a plate, disk, or
pulley; the principal flat surface of a part or
(b) That part of the acting surface of a cog in a cog
wheel, which projects beyond the pitch line.
(c) The width of a pulley, or the length of a cog from end
to end; as, a pulley or cog wheel of ten inches face.
(a) The upper surface, or the character upon the surface,
of a type, plate, etc.
(b) The style or cut of a type or font of type.
5. Outside appearance; surface show; look; external aspect,
whether natural, assumed, or acquired.
To set a face upon their own malignant design.
This would produce a new face of things in Europe.
We wear a face of joy, because
We have been glad of yore. --Wordsworth.
6. That part of the head, esp. of man, in which the eyes,
cheeks, nose, and mouth are situated; visage; countenance.
In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread.
7. Cast of features; expression of countenance; look; air;
We set the best faceon it we could. --Dryden.
8. (Astrol.) Ten degrees in extent of a sign of the zodiac.
9. Maintenance of the countenance free from abashment or
confusion; confidence; boldness; shamelessness;
This is the man that has the face to charge others
with false citations. --Tillotson.
10. Presence; sight; front; as in the phrases, before the
face of, in the immediate presence of; in the face of,
before, in, or against the front of; as, to fly in the
face of danger; to the face of, directly to; from the
face of, from the presence of.
11. Mode of regard, whether favorable or unfavorable; favor
or anger; mostly in Scriptural phrases.
The Lord make his face to shine upon thee. --Num.
My face [favor] will I turn also from them. --Ezek.
12. (Mining) The end or wall of the tunnel, drift, or
excavation, at which work is progressing or was last
13. (Com.) The exact amount expressed on a bill, note, bond,
or other mercantile paper, without any addition for
interest or reduction for discount; most commonly called
face value. --McElrath.
Note: Face is used either adjectively or as part of a
compound; as, face guard or face-guard; face cloth;
face plan or face-plan; face hammer.
Face ague (Med.), a form of neuralgia, characterized by
acute lancinating pains returning at intervals, and by
twinges in certain parts of the face, producing convulsive
twitches in the corresponding muscles; -- called also tic
Face card, one of a pack of playing cards on which a human
face is represented; the king, queen, or jack.
Face cloth, a cloth laid over the face of a corpse.
Face guard, a mask with windows for the eyes, worn by
workman exposed to great heat, or to flying particles of
metal, stone, etc., as in glass works, foundries, etc.
Face hammer, a hammer having a flat face.
Face joint (Arch.), a joint in the face of a wall or other
Face mite (Zool.), a small, elongated mite (Demdex
folliculorum), parasitic in the hair follicles of the
Face mold, the templet or pattern by which carpenters,
etc., outline the forms which are to be cut out from
boards, sheet metal, etc.
(a) (Turning) A plate attached to the spindle of a lathe,
to which the work to be turned may be attached.
(b) A covering plate for an object, to receive wear or
(c) A true plane for testing a dressed surface. --Knight.
Face wheel. (Mach.)
(a) A crown wheel.
(b) A wheel whose disk face is adapted for grinding and
polishing; a lap.
face value the value written on a financial instrument;
same as face. Also used metaphorically, to mean
apparent value; as, to take his statemnet at its face
Cylinder face (Steam Engine), the flat part of a steam
cylinder on which a slide valve moves.
Face of an anvil, its flat upper surface.
Face of a bastion (Fort.), the part between the salient and
the shoulder angle.
Face of coal (Mining), the principal cleavage plane, at
right angles to the stratification.
Face of a gun, the surface of metal at the muzzle.
Face of a place (Fort.), the front comprehended between the
flanked angles of two neighboring bastions. --Wilhelm.
Face of a square (Mil.), one of the sides of a battalion
when formed in a square.
Face of a watch, clock, compass, card etc., the dial or
graduated surface on which a pointer indicates the time of
day, point of the compass, etc.
Face to face.
(a) In the presence of each other; as, to bring the
accuser and the accused face to face.
(b) Without the interposition of any body or substance.
"Now we see through a glass darkly; but then face to
face." 1 --Cor. xiii. 12.
(c) With the faces or finished surfaces turned inward or
toward one another; vis [`a] vis; -- opposed to back
To fly in the face of, to defy; to brave; to withstand.
To make a face, to distort the countenance; to make a
grimace; -- often expressing dislike, annoyance, or