The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Spindle \Spin"dle\, n. [AS. spinal, fr. spinnan to spin; akin to
D. spil, G. spille, spindel, OHG. spinnala. [root]170. See
1. The long, round, slender rod or pin in spinning wheels by
which the thread is twisted, and on which, when twisted,
it is wound; also, the pin on which the bobbin is held in
a spinning machine, or in the shuttle of a loom.
2. A slender rod or pin on which anything turns; an axis; as,
the spindle of a vane. Specifically:
(a) (Mach.) The shaft, mandrel, or arbor, in a machine
tool, as a lathe or drilling machine, etc., which
causes the work to revolve, or carries a tool or
(b) (Mach.) The vertical rod on which the runner of a
grinding mill turns.
(c) (Founding) A shaft or pipe on which a core of sand is
3. The fusee of a watch.
4. A long and slender stalk resembling a spindle.
5. A yarn measure containing, in cotton yarn, 15,120 yards;
in linen yarn, 14,400 yards.
6. (Geom.) A solid generated by the revolution of a curved
line about its base or double ordinate or chord.
(a) Any marine univalve shell of the genus Rostellaria;
-- called also spindle stromb.
(b) Any marine gastropod of the genus Fusus.
Dead spindle (Mach.), a spindle in a machine tool that does
not revolve; the spindle of the tailstock of a lathe.
Live spindle (Mach.), the revolving spindle of a machine
tool; the spindle of the headstock of a turning lathe.
Spindle shell. (Zool.) See Spindle, 7. above.
Spindle side, the female side in descent; in the female
line; opposed to spear side. --Ld. Lytton. [R.] "King
Lycaon, grandson, by the spindle side, of Oceanus."
Spindle tree (Bot.), any shrub or tree of the genus
Eunymus. The wood of Eunymus Europaeus was used for
spindles and skewers. See Prickwood.