The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Cross \Cross\ (kr[o^]s; 115), n. [OE. crois, croys, cros; the
former fr. OF. crois, croiz, F. croix, fr. L. crux; the
second is perh. directly fr. Prov. cros, crotz. fr. the same
L. crux; cf. Icel. kross. Cf. Crucial, Crusade, Cruise,
1. A gibbet, consisting of two pieces of timber placed
transversely upon one another, in various forms, as a T,
or +, with the horizontal piece below the upper end of the
upright, or as an X. It was anciently used in the
execution of criminals.
Nailed to the cross
By his own nation. --Milton.
2. The sign or mark of the cross, made with the finger, or in
ink, etc., or actually represented in some material; the
symbol of Christ's death; the ensign and chosen symbol of
Christianity, of a Christian people, and of Christendom.
The custom of making the sign of the cross with the
hand or finger, as a means of conferring blessing or
preserving from evil, is very old. --Schaff-Herzog
Before the cross has waned the crescent's ray. --Sir
Tis where the cross is preached. --Cowper.
3. Affiction regarded as a test of patience or virtue; trial;
disappointment; opposition; misfortune.
Heaven prepares a good man with crosses. --B.
4. A piece of money stamped with the figure of a cross, also,
that side of such a piece on which the cross is stamped;
hence, money in general.
I should bear no cross if I did bear you; for I
think you have no money in your purse. --Shak.
5. An appendage or ornament or anything in the form of a
cross; a badge or ornamental device of the general shape
of a cross; hence, such an ornament, even when varying
considerably from that form; thus, the Cross of the
British Order of St. George and St. Michael consists of a
central medallion with seven arms radiating from it.
6. (Arch.) A monument in the form of a cross, or surmounted
by a cross, set up in a public place; as, a market cross;
a boundary cross; Charing Cross in London.
Dun-Edin's Cross, a pillared stone,
Rose on a turret octagon. --Sir W.
7. (Her.) A common heraldic bearing, of which there are many
varieties. See the Illustration, above.
8. The crosslike mark or symbol used instead of a signature
by those unable to write.
Five Kentish abbesses . . . .subscribed their names
and crosses. --Fuller.
9. Church lands. [Ireland] [Obs.] --Sir J. Davies.
10. A line drawn across or through another line.
11. Hence: A mixing of breeds or stock, especially in cattle
breeding; or the product of such intermixture; a hybrid
of any kind.
Toning down the ancient Viking into a sort of a
cross between Paul Jones and Jeremy Diddler. --Lord
12. (Surveying) An instrument for laying of offsets
perpendicular to the main course.
13. (Mech.) A pipe-fitting with four branches the axes of
which usually form's right angle.
Cross and pile, a game with money, at which it is put to
chance whether a coin shall fall with that side up which
bears the cross, or the other, which is called pile, or
reverse; the game called heads or tails.
Cross bottony or
Cross botton['e]. See under Bottony.
Cross estoil['e] (Her.). a cross, each of whose arms is
pointed like the ray of a star; that is, a star having
four long points only.
Cross of Calvary. See Calvary, 3.
Southern cross. (Astron.) See under Southern.
To do a thing on the cross, to act dishonestly; -- opposed
to acting on the square. [Slang]
To take up the cross, to bear troubles and afflictions with
patience from love to Christ.