1. domesticated bovine animals as a group regardless of sex or age;
- Example: "so many head of cattle"
- Example: "wait till the cows come home"
- Example: "seven thin and ill-favored kine"- Bible
- Example: "a team of oxen"
[syn: cattle, cows, kine, oxen, Bos taurus]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Cattle \Cat"tle\ (k[a^]t"t'l), n. pl. [OE. calet, chatel, goods, property, OF. catel, chatel, LL. captale, capitale, goods, property, esp. cattle, fr. L. capitals relating to the head, chief; because in early ages beasts constituted the chief part of a man's property. See Capital, and cf. Chattel.] Quadrupeds of the Bovine family; sometimes, also, including all domestic quadrupeds, as sheep, goats, horses, mules, asses, and swine. [1913 Webster] Belted cattle, Black cattle. See under Belted, Black. Cattle guard, a trench under a railroad track and alongside a crossing (as of a public highway). It is intended to prevent cattle from getting upon the track. cattle louse (Zool.), any species of louse infecting cattle. There are several species. The H[ae]matatopinus eurysternus and H[ae]matatopinus vituli are common species which suck blood; Trichodectes scalaris eats the hair. Cattle plague, the rinderpest; called also Russian cattle plague. Cattle range, or Cattle run, an open space through which cattle may run or range. [U. S.] --Bartlett. Cattle show, an exhibition of domestic animals with prizes for the encouragement of stock breeding; -- usually accompanied with the exhibition of other agricultural and domestic products and of implements. [1913 Webster]WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
cattle n 1: domesticated bovine animals as a group regardless of sex or age; "so many head of cattle"; "wait till the cows come home"; "seven thin and ill-favored kine"- Bible; "a team of oxen" [syn: cattle, cows, kine, oxen, Bos taurus]Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:
98 Moby Thesaurus words for "cattle": Alderney, Animalia, Ayrshire, Brahman, Chiroptera, Dexter, Durham, Dutch Belted, Galloway, Hereford, Holstein, Indian buffalo, Jersey, Lagomorpha, Longhorn, Polled Hereford, Primates, Red Poll, Red Polled, Rodentia, Santa Gertrudis, Shorthorn, Sussex, Welsh, Welsh Black, West Highland, and fish, animal kingdom, animal life, animality, aurochs, beasts, beasts of field, beasts of prey, beef, beef cattle, beeves, big game, birds, bison, bossy, bovine, bovine animal, brute creation, buffalo, bull, bullock, calf, carabao, chaff, cow, critter, dairy cattle, dairy cow, dogie, domestic animals, dregs, dregs of society, fauna, furry creatures, game, heifer, hornless cow, kine, leppy, livestock, maverick, milch cow, milcher, milk cow, milker, muley cow, muley head, musk-ox, neat, offscourings, offscum, ox, oxen, raff, riffraff, rubbish, scum, small game, sordes, steer, stirk, stock, stot, swinish multitude, trash, vermin, wild animals, wildlife, wisent, yak, yearling, zebuEaston's 1897 Bible Dictionary:
Cattle abounded in the Holy Land. To the rearing and management of them the inhabitants chiefly devoted themselves (Deut. 8:13; 12:21; 1 Sam. 11:5; 12:3; Ps. 144:14; Jer. 3:24). They may be classified as, (1.) Neat cattle. Many hundreds of these were yearly consumed in sacrifices or used for food. The finest herds were found in Bashan, beyond Jordan (Num. 32:4). Large herds also pastured on the wide fertile plains of Sharon. They were yoked to the plough (1 Kings 19:19), and were employed for carrying burdens (1 Chr. 12:40). They were driven with a pointed rod (Judg. 3:31) or goad (q.v.). According to the Mosaic law, the mouths of cattle employed for the threshing-floor were not to be muzzled, so as to prevent them from eating of the provender over which they trampled (Deut. 25:4). Whosoever stole and sold or slaughtered an ox must give five in satisfaction (Ex. 22:1); but if it was found alive in the possession of him who stole it, he was required to make double restitution only (22:4). If an ox went astray, whoever found it was required to bring it back to its owner (23:4; Deut. 22:1, 4). An ox and an ass could not be yoked together in the plough (Deut. 22:10). (2.) Small cattle. Next to herds of neat cattle, sheep formed the most important of the possessions of the inhabitants of Palestine (Gen. 12:16; 13:5; 26:14; 21:27; 29:2, 3). They are frequently mentioned among the booty taken in war (Num. 31:32; Josh. 6:21; 1 Sam. 14:32; 15:3). There were many who were owners of large flocks (1 Sam. 25:2; 2 Sam. 12:2, comp. Job 1:3). Kings also had shepherds "over their flocks" (1 Chr. 27:31), from which they derived a large portion of their revenue (2 Sam. 17:29; 1 Chr. 12:40). The districts most famous for their flocks of sheep were the plain of Sharon (Isa. 65: 10), Mount Carmel (Micah 7:14), Bashan and Gilead (Micah 7:14). In patriarchal times the flocks of sheep were sometimes tended by the daughters of the owners. Thus Rachel, the daughter of Laban, kept her father's sheep (Gen. 29:9); as also Zipporah and her six sisters had charge of their father Jethro's flocks (Ex. 2:16). Sometimes they were kept by hired shepherds (John 10:12), and sometimes by the sons of the family (1 Sam. 16:11; 17:15). The keepers so familiarized their sheep with their voices that they knew them, and followed them at their call. Sheep, but more especially rams and lambs, were frequently offered in sacrifice. The shearing of sheep was a great festive occasion (1 Sam. 25:4; 2 Sam. 13:23). They were folded at night, and guarded by their keepers against the attacks of the lion (Micah 5:8), the bear (1 Sam. 17:34), and the wolf (Matt. 10:16; John 10:12). They were liable to wander over the wide pastures and go astray (Ps. 119:176; Isa. 53:6; Hos. 4:16; Matt. 18:12). Goats also formed a part of the pastoral wealth of Palestine (Gen. 15:9; 32:14; 37:31). They were used both for sacrifice and for food (Deut. 14:4), especially the young males (Gen. 27:9, 14, 17; Judg. 6:19; 13:15; 1 Sam. 16:20). Goat's hair was used for making tent cloth (Ex. 26:7; 36:14), and for mattresses and bedding (1 Sam. 19:13, 16). (See GOAT.)