The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Body \Bod"y\, n.; pl. Bodies. [OE. bodi, AS. bodig; akin to
OHG. botah. [root]257. Cf. Bodice.]
1. The material organized substance of an animal, whether
living or dead, as distinguished from the spirit, or vital
principle; the physical person.
Absent in body, but present in spirit. --1 Cor. v. 3
For of the soul the body form doth take.
For soul is form, and doth the body make. --Spenser.
2. The trunk, or main part, of a person or animal, as
distinguished from the limbs and head; the main, central,
or principal part, as of a tree, army, country, etc.
Who set the body and the limbs
Of this great sport together? --Shak.
The van of the king's army was led by the general; .
. . in the body was the king and the prince.
Rivers that run up into the body of Italy.
3. The real, as opposed to the symbolical; the substance, as
opposed to the shadow.
Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body
is of Christ. --Col. ii. 17.
4. A person; a human being; -- frequently in composition; as,
A dry, shrewd kind of a body. --W. Irving.
5. A number of individuals spoken of collectively, usually as
united by some common tie, or as organized for some
purpose; a collective whole or totality; a corporation;
as, a legislative body; a clerical body.
A numerous body led unresistingly to the slaughter.
6. A number of things or particulars embodied in a system; a
general collection; as, a great body of facts; a body of
laws or of divinity.
7. Any mass or portion of matter; any substance distinct from
others; as, a metallic body; a moving body; an a["e]riform
body. "A body of cold air." --Huxley.
By collision of two bodies, grind
The air attrite to fire. --Milton.
8. Amount; quantity; extent.
9. That part of a garment covering the body, as distinguished
from the parts covering the limbs.
10. The bed or box of a vehicle, on or in which the load is
placed; as, a wagon body; a cart body.
11. (Print.) The shank of a type, or the depth of the shank
(by which the size is indicated); as, a nonpareil face on
an agate body.
12. (Geom.) A figure that has length, breadth, and thickness;
any solid figure.
13. Consistency; thickness; substance; strength; as, this
color has body; wine of a good body.
Note: Colors bear a body when they are capable of being
ground so fine, and of being mixed so entirely with
oil, as to seem only a very thick oil of the same
14. (A["e]ronautics) The central, longitudinal framework of a
flying machine, to which are attached the planes or
a["e]rocurves, passenger accommodations, controlling and
propelling apparatus, fuel tanks, etc. Also called
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]
After body (Naut.), the part of a ship abaft the dead flat.
Body cavity (Anat.), the space between the walls of the
body and the inclosed viscera; the c[ae]lum; -- in
mammals, divided by the diaphragm into thoracic and
Body of a church, the nave.
Body cloth; pl.
Body cloths, a cloth or blanket for covering horses.
Body clothes. (pl.)
1. Clothing for the body; esp. underclothing.
2. Body cloths for horses. [Obs.] --Addison.
Body coat, a gentleman's dress coat.
Body color (Paint.), a pigment that has consistency,
thickness, or body, in distinction from a tint or wash.
Body of a law (Law), the main and operative part.
Body louse (Zool.), a species of louse (Pediculus
vestimenti), which sometimes infests the human body and
clothes. See Grayback.
Body plan (Shipbuilding), an end elevation, showing the
conbour of the sides of a ship at certain points of her
Body politic, the collective body of a nation or state as
politically organized, or as exercising political
functions; also, a corporation. --Wharton.
As to the persons who compose the body politic or
associate themselves, they take collectively the
name of "people", or "nation". --Bouvier.
Body servant, a valet.
The bodies seven (Alchemy), the metals corresponding to the
Sol gold is, and Luna silver we threpe (=call), Mars
yren (=iron), Mercurie quicksilver we clepe,
Saturnus lead, and Jupiter is tin, and Venus coper.
Body snatcher, one who secretly removes without right or
authority a dead body from a grave, vault, etc.; a
Body snatching (Law), the unauthorized removal of a dead
body from the grave; usually for the purpose of
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Color \Col"or\ (k[u^]l"[~e]r), n. [Written also colour.] [OF.
color, colur, colour, F. couleur, L. color; prob. akin to
celare to conceal (the color taken as that which covers). See
1. A property depending on the relations of light to the eye,
by which individual and specific differences in the hues
and tints of objects are apprehended in vision; as, gay
colors; sad colors, etc.
Note: The sensation of color depends upon a peculiar function
of the retina or optic nerve, in consequence of which
rays of light produce different effects according to
the length of their waves or undulations, waves of a
certain length producing the sensation of red, shorter
waves green, and those still shorter blue, etc. White,
or ordinary, light consists of waves of various lengths
so blended as to produce no effect of color, and the
color of objects depends upon their power to absorb or
reflect a greater or less proportion of the rays which
fall upon them.
2. Any hue distinguished from white or black.
3. The hue or color characteristic of good health and
spirits; ruddy complexion.
Give color to my pale cheek. --Shak.
4. That which is used to give color; a paint; a pigment; as,
oil colors or water colors.
5. That which covers or hides the real character of anything;
semblance; excuse; disguise; appearance.
They had let down the boat into the sea, under color
as though they would have cast anchors out of the
foreship. --Acts xxvii.
That he should die is worthy policy;
But yet we want a color for his death. --Shak.
6. Shade or variety of character; kind; species.
Boys and women are for the most part cattle of this
7. A distinguishing badge, as a flag or similar symbol
(usually in the plural); as, the colors or color of a ship
or regiment; the colors of a race horse (that is, of the
cap and jacket worn by the jockey).
In the United States each regiment of infantry and
artillery has two colors, one national and one
8. (Law) An apparent right; as where the defendant in
trespass gave to the plaintiff an appearance of title, by
stating his title specially, thus removing the cause from
the jury to the court. --Blackstone.
Note: Color is express when it is averred in the pleading,
and implied when it is implied in the pleading.
Body color. See under Body.
Color blindness, total or partial inability to distinguish
or recognize colors. See Daltonism.
Complementary color, one of two colors so related to each
other that when blended together they produce white light;
-- so called because each color makes up to the other what
it lacks to make it white. Artificial or pigment colors,
when mixed, produce effects differing from those of the
primary colors, in consequence of partial absorption.
Of color (as persons, races, etc.), not of the white race;
-- commonly meaning, esp. in the United States, of negro
blood, pure or mixed.
Primary colors, those developed from the solar beam by the
prism, viz., red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and
violet, which are reduced by some authors to three, --
red, green, and violet-blue. These three are sometimes
called fundamental colors.
Subjective color or Accidental color, a false or spurious
color seen in some instances, owing to the persistence of
the luminous impression upon the retina, and a gradual
change of its character, as where a wheel perfectly white,
and with a circumference regularly subdivided, is made to
revolve rapidly over a dark object, the teeth of the wheel
appear to the eye of different shades of color varying
with the rapidity of rotation. See Accidental colors,