1. [syn: body temperature, blood heat]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Blood \Blood\ (bl[u^]d), n. [OE. blod, blood, AS. bl[=o]d; akin
to D. bloed, OHG. bluot, G. blut, Goth. bl[=o][thorn], Icel.
bl[=o][eth], Sw. & Dan. blod; prob. fr. the same root as E.
blow to bloom. See Blow to bloom.]
1. The fluid which circulates in the principal vascular
system of animals, carrying nourishment to all parts of
the body, and bringing away waste products to be excreted.
See under Arterial.
Note: The blood consists of a liquid, the plasma, containing
minute particles, the blood corpuscles. In the
invertebrate animals it is usually nearly colorless,
and contains only one kind of corpuscles; but in all
vertebrates, except Amphioxus, it contains some
colorless corpuscles, with many more which are red and
give the blood its uniformly red color. See
2. Relationship by descent from a common ancestor;
To share the blood of Saxon royalty. --Sir W.
A friend of our own blood. --Waller.
Half blood (Law), relationship through only one parent.
Whole blood, relationship through both father and mother.
In American Law, blood includes both half blood, and whole
blood. --Bouvier. --Peters.
3. Descent; lineage; especially, honorable birth; the highest
Give us a prince of blood, a son of Priam. --Shak.
I am a gentleman of blood and breeding. --Shak.
4. (Stock Breeding) Descent from parents of recognized breed;
excellence or purity of breed.
Note: In stock breeding half blood is descent showing one
half only of pure breed. Blue blood, full blood, or
warm blood, is the same as blood.
5. The fleshy nature of man.
Nor gives it satisfaction to our blood. --Shak.
6. The shedding of blood; the taking of life, murder;
So wills the fierce, avenging sprite,
Till blood for blood atones. --Hood.
7. A bloodthirsty or murderous disposition. [R.]
He was a thing of blood, whose every motion
Was timed with dying cries. --Shak.
8. Temper of mind; disposition; state of the passions; -- as
if the blood were the seat of emotions.
When you perceive his blood inclined to mirth.
Note: Often, in this sense, accompanied with bad, cold, warm,
or other qualifying word. Thus, to commit an act in
cold blood, is to do it deliberately, and without
sudden passion; to do it in bad blood, is to do it in
anger. Warm blood denotes a temper inflamed or
irritated. To warm or heat the blood is to excite the
passions. Qualified by up, excited feeling or passion
is signified; as, my blood was up.
9. A man of fire or spirit; a fiery spark; a gay, showy man;
Seest thou not . . . how giddily 'a turns about all
the hot bloods between fourteen and five and thirty?
It was the morning costume of a dandy or blood.
10. The juice of anything, especially if red.
He washed . . . his clothes in the blood of grapes.
Note: Blood is often used as an adjective, and as the first
part of self-explaining compound words; as,
blood-bespotted, blood-bought, blood-curdling,
blood-dyed, blood-red, blood-spilling, blood-stained,
Blood baptism (Eccl. Hist.), the martyrdom of those who had
not been baptized. They were considered as baptized in
blood, and this was regarded as a full substitute for
Blood blister, a blister or bleb containing blood or bloody
serum, usually caused by an injury.
Blood brother, brother by blood or birth.
Blood clam (Zool.), a bivalve mollusk of the genus Arca and
allied genera, esp. Argina pexata of the American coast.
So named from the color of its flesh.
Blood corpuscle. See Corpuscle.
Blood crystal (Physiol.), one of the crystals formed by the
separation in a crystalline form of the h[ae]moglobin of
the red blood corpuscles; h[ae]matocrystallin. All blood
does not yield blood crystals.
Blood heat, heat equal to the temperature of human blood,
or about 981/2 [deg] Fahr.
Blood horse, a horse whose blood or lineage is derived from
the purest and most highly prized origin or stock.
Blood money. See in the Vocabulary.
Blood orange, an orange with dark red pulp.
Blood poisoning (Med.), a morbid state of the blood caused
by the introduction of poisonous or infective matters from
without, or the absorption or retention of such as are
produced in the body itself; tox[ae]mia.
Blood pudding, a pudding made of blood and other materials.
Blood relation, one connected by blood or descent.
Blood spavin. See under Spavin.
Blood vessel. See in the Vocabulary.
Blue blood, the blood of noble or aristocratic families,
which, according to a Spanish prover, has in it a tinge of
blue; -- hence, a member of an old and aristocratic
Flesh and blood.
(a) A blood relation, esp. a child.
(b) Human nature.
In blood (Hunting), in a state of perfect health and vigor.
To let blood. See under Let.
Prince of the blood, the son of a sovereign, or the issue
of a royal family. The sons, brothers, and uncles of the
sovereign are styled princes of the blood royal; and the
daughters, sisters, and aunts are princesses of the blood
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Heat \Heat\ (h[=e]t), n. [OE. hete, h[ae]te, AS. h[=ae]tu,
h[=ae]to, fr. h[=a]t hot; akin to OHG. heizi heat, Dan. hede,
Sw. hetta. See Hot.]
1. A force in nature which is recognized in various effects,
but especially in the phenomena of fusion and evaporation,
and which, as manifested in fire, the sun's rays,
mechanical action, chemical combination, etc., becomes
directly known to us through the sense of feeling. In its
nature heat is a mode of motion, being in general a form
of molecular disturbance or vibration. It was formerly
supposed to be a subtile, imponderable fluid, to which was
given the name caloric.
Note: As affecting the human body, heat produces different
sensations, which are called by different names, as
heat or sensible heat, warmth, cold, etc., according to
its degree or amount relatively to the normal
temperature of the body.
2. The sensation caused by the force or influence of heat
when excessive, or above that which is normal to the human
body; the bodily feeling experienced on exposure to fire,
the sun's rays, etc.; the reverse of cold.
3. High temperature, as distinguished from low temperature,
or cold; as, the heat of summer and the cold of winter;
heat of the skin or body in fever, etc.
Else how had the world . . .
Avoided pinching cold and scorching heat! --Milton.
4. Indication of high temperature; appearance, condition, or
color of a body, as indicating its temperature; redness;
high color; flush; degree of temperature to which
something is heated, as indicated by appearance,
condition, or otherwise.
It has raised . . . heats in their faces. --Addison.
The heats smiths take of their iron are a blood-red
heat, a white-flame heat, and a sparkling or welding
5. A single complete operation of heating, as at a forge or
in a furnace; as, to make a horseshoe in a certain number
6. A violent action unintermitted; a single effort; a single
course in a race that consists of two or more courses; as,
he won two heats out of three.
Many causes . . . for refreshment betwixt the heats.
[He] struck off at one heat the matchless tale of
"Tam o' Shanter." --J. C.
7. Utmost violence; rage; vehemence; as, the heat of battle
or party. "The heat of their division." --Shak.
8. Agitation of mind; inflammation or excitement;
exasperation. "The heat and hurry of his rage." --South.
9. Animation, as in discourse; ardor; fervency; as, in the
heat of argument.
With all the strength and heat of eloquence.
10. (Zool.) Sexual excitement in animals; readiness for
sexual activity; estrus or rut.
[1913 Webster +PJC]
12. Strong psychological pressure, as in a police
investigation; as, when they turned up the heat, he took
it on the lam. [slang]
Animal heat, Blood heat, Capacity for heat, etc. See
under Animal, Blood, etc.
Atomic heat (Chem.), the product obtained by multiplying
the atomic weight of any element by its specific heat. The
atomic heat of all solid elements is nearly a constant,
the mean value being 6.4.
Dynamical theory of heat, that theory of heat which assumes
it to be, not a peculiar kind of matter, but a peculiar
motion of the ultimate particles of matter.
Heat engine, any apparatus by which a heated substance, as
a heated fluid, is made to perform work by giving motion
to mechanism, as a hot-air engine, or a steam engine.
Heat producers. (Physiol.) See under Food.
Heat rays, a term formerly applied to the rays near the red
end of the spectrum, whether within or beyond the visible
Heat weight (Mech.), the product of any quantity of heat by
the mechanical equivalent of heat divided by the absolute
temperature; -- called also thermodynamic function, and
Mechanical equivalent of heat. See under Equivalent.
Specific heat of a substance (at any temperature), the
number of units of heat required to raise the temperature
of a unit mass of the substance at that temperature one
Unit of heat, the quantity of heat required to raise, by
one degree, the temperature of a unit mass of water,
initially at a certain standard temperature. The
temperature usually employed is that of 0[deg] Centigrade,
or 32[deg] Fahrenheit.
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
n 1: temperature of the body; normally 98.6 F or 37 C in humans;
usually measured to obtain a quick evaluation of a person's
health [syn: body temperature, blood heat]