The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Rent \Rent\ (r[e^]nt), n. [F. rente, LL. renta, fr. L. reddita,
fem. sing. or neut. pl. of redditus, p. p. of reddere to give
back, pay. See Render.]
1. Income; revenue. See Catel. [Obs.] "Catel had they
enough and rent." --Chaucer.
[Bacchus] a waster was and all his rent
In wine and bordel he dispent. --Gower.
So bought an annual rent or two,
And liv'd, just as you see I do. --Pope.
2. Pay; reward; share; toll. [Obs.]
Death, that taketh of high and low his rent.
3. (Law) A certain periodical profit, whether in money,
provisions, chattels, or labor, issuing out of lands and
tenements in payment for the use; commonly, a certain
pecuniary sum agreed upon between a tenant and his
landlord, paid at fixed intervals by the lessee to the
lessor, for the use of land or its appendages; as, rent
for a farm, a house, a park, etc.
Note: The term rent is also popularly applied to compensation
for the use of certain personal chattels, as a piano, a
sewing machine, etc.
4. (Polit. Econ.)
(a) That portion of the produce of the earth paid to the
landlord for the use of the "original and
indestructible powers of the soil;" the excess of the
return from a given piece of cultivated land over that
from land of equal area at the "margin of
cultivation." Called also economic rent, or
Ricardian rent. Economic rent is due partly to
differences of productivity, but chiefly to advantages
of location; it is equivalent to ordinary or
commercial rent less interest on improvements, and
nearly equivalent to ground rent.
(b) Loosely, a return or profit from a differential
advantage for production, as in case of income or
earnings due to rare natural gifts creating a natural
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]
Black rent. See Blackmail, 3.
Forehand rent, rent which is paid in advance; foregift.
Rent arrear, rent in arrears; unpaid rent. --Blackstone.
Rent charge (Law), a rent reserved on a conveyance of land
in fee simple, or granted out of lands by deed; -- so
called because, by a covenant or clause in the deed of
conveyance, the land is charged with a distress for the
payment of it. --Bouvier.
Rent roll, a list or account of rents or income; a rental.
Rent seck (Law), a rent reserved by deed, but without any
clause of distress; barren rent. A power of distress was
made incident to rent seck by Statute 4 George II. c. 28.
Rent service (Eng. Law), rent reserved out of land held by
fealty or other corporeal service; -- so called from such
service being incident to it.
White rent, a quitrent when paid in silver; -- opposed to
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Black \Black\ (bl[a^]k), a. [OE. blak, AS. bl[ae]c; akin to
Icel. blakkr dark, swarthy, Sw. bl[aum]ck ink, Dan. bl[ae]k,
OHG. blach, LG. & D. blaken to burn with a black smoke. Not
akin to AS. bl[=a]c, E. bleak pallid. [root]98.]
1. Destitute of light, or incapable of reflecting it; of the
color of soot or coal; of the darkest or a very dark
color, the opposite of white; characterized by such a
color; as, black cloth; black hair or eyes.
O night, with hue so black! --Shak.
2. In a less literal sense: Enveloped or shrouded in
darkness; very dark or gloomy; as, a black night; the
heavens black with clouds.
I spy a black, suspicious, threatening cloud.
3. Fig.: Dismal, gloomy, or forbidding, like darkness;
destitute of moral light or goodness; atrociously wicked;
cruel; mournful; calamitous; horrible. "This day's black
fate." "Black villainy." "Arise, black vengeance." "Black
day." "Black despair." --Shak.
4. Expressing menace, or discontent; threatening; sullen;
foreboding; as, to regard one with black looks.
Note: Black is often used in self-explaining compound words;
as, black-eyed, black-faced, black-haired,
Black act, the English statute 9 George I, which makes it a
felony to appear armed in any park or warren, etc., or to
hunt or steal deer, etc., with the face blackened or
disguised. Subsequent acts inflicting heavy penalties for
malicious injuries to cattle and machinery have been
called black acts.
Black angel (Zool.), a fish of the West Indies and Florida
(Holacanthus tricolor), with the head and tail yellow,
and the middle of the body black.
Black antimony (Chem.), the black sulphide of antimony,
Sb2S3, used in pyrotechnics, etc.
Black bear (Zool.), the common American bear (Ursus
Black beast. See B[^e]te noire.
Black beetle (Zool.), the common large cockroach (Blatta
Black bonnet (Zool.), the black-headed bunting (Embriza
Sch[oe]niclus) of Europe.
Black canker, a disease in turnips and other crops,
produced by a species of caterpillar.
Black cat (Zool.), the fisher, a quadruped of North America
allied to the sable, but larger. See Fisher.
Black cattle, any bovine cattle reared for slaughter, in
distinction from dairy cattle. [Eng.]
Black cherry. See under Cherry.
Black cockatoo (Zool.), the palm cockatoo. See Cockatoo.
Black copper. Same as Melaconite.
Black currant. (Bot.) See Currant.
Black diamond. (Min.) See Carbonado.
Black draught (Med.), a cathartic medicine, composed of
senna and magnesia.
Black drop (Med.), vinegar of opium; a narcotic preparation
consisting essentially of a solution of opium in vinegar.
Black earth, mold; earth of a dark color. --Woodward.
Black flag, the flag of a pirate, often bearing in white a
skull and crossbones; a signal of defiance.
Black flea (Zool.), a flea beetle (Haltica nemorum)
injurious to turnips.
Black flux, a mixture of carbonate of potash and charcoal,
obtained by deflagrating tartar with half its weight of
niter. --Brande & C.
Black Forest [a translation of G. Schwarzwald], a forest in
Baden and W["u]rtemburg, in Germany; a part of the ancient
Black game, or Black grouse. (Zool.) See Blackcock,
Grouse, and Heath grouse.
Black grass (Bot.), a grasslike rush of the species Juncus
Gerardi, growing on salt marshes, and making good hay.
Black gum (Bot.), an American tree, the tupelo or
pepperidge. See Tupelo.
Black Hamburg (grape) (Bot.), a sweet and juicy variety of
dark purple or "black" grape.
Black horse (Zool.), a fish of the Mississippi valley
(Cycleptus elongatus), of the sucker family; the
Black lemur (Zool.), the Lemurniger of Madagascar; the
acoumbo of the natives.
Black list, a list of persons who are for some reason
thought deserving of censure or punishment; -- esp. a list
of persons stigmatized as insolvent or untrustworthy, made
for the protection of tradesmen or employers. See
Blacklist, v. t.
Black manganese (Chem.), the black oxide of manganese,
Black Maria, the close wagon in which prisoners are carried
to or from jail.
Black martin (Zool.), the chimney swift. See Swift.
Black moss (Bot.), the common so-called long moss of the
southern United States. See Tillandsia.
Black oak. See under Oak.
Black ocher. See Wad.
Black pigment, a very fine, light carbonaceous substance,
or lampblack, prepared chiefly for the manufacture of
printers' ink. It is obtained by burning common coal tar.
Black plate, sheet iron before it is tinned. --Knight.
Black quarter, malignant anthrax with engorgement of a
shoulder or quarter, etc., as of an ox.
Black rat (Zool.), one of the species of rats (Mus
rattus), commonly infesting houses.
Black rent. See Blackmail, n., 3.
Black rust, a disease of wheat, in which a black, moist
matter is deposited in the fissures of the grain.
Black sheep, one in a family or company who is unlike the
rest, and makes trouble.
Black silver. (Min.) See under Silver.
Black and tan, black mixed or spotted with tan color or
reddish brown; -- used in describing certain breeds of
Black tea. See under Tea.
Black tin (Mining), tin ore (cassiterite), when dressed,
stamped and washed, ready for smelting. It is in the form
of a black powder, like fine sand. --Knight.
Black walnut. See under Walnut.
Black warrior (Zool.), an American hawk (Buteo Harlani).
Syn: Dark; murky; pitchy; inky; somber; dusky; gloomy; swart;
Cimmerian; ebon; atrocious.