The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Bishop \Bish"op\, n. [OE. bischop, biscop, bisceop, AS. bisceop,
biscop, L. episcopus overseer, superintendent, bishop, fr.
Gr. ?, ? over + ? inspector, fr. root of ?, ?, to look to,
perh. akin to L. specere to look at. See Spy, and cf.
1. A spiritual overseer, superintendent, or director.
Ye were as sheep going astray; but are now returned
unto the Shepherd and Bishop of your souls. --1 Pet.
It is a fact now generally recognized by theologians
of all shades of opinion, that in the language of
the New Testament the same officer in the church is
called indifferently "bishop" ( ? ) and "elder" or
"presbyter." --J. B.
2. In the Roman Catholic, Greek, and Anglican or Protestant
Episcopal churches, one ordained to the highest order of
the ministry, superior to the priesthood, and generally
claiming to be a successor of the Apostles. The bishop is
usually the spiritual head or ruler of a diocese,
bishopric, or see.
Bishop in partibus [infidelium] (R. C. Ch.), a bishop of a
see which does not actually exist; one who has the office
of bishop, without especial jurisdiction. --Shipley.
Titular bishop (R. C. Ch.), a term officially substituted
in 1882 for bishop in partibus.
Bench of Bishops. See under Bench.
3. In the Methodist Episcopal and some other churches, one of
the highest church officers or superintendents.
4. A piece used in the game of chess, bearing a
representation of a bishop's miter; -- formerly called
5. A beverage, being a mixture of wine, oranges or lemons,
and sugar. --Swift.
6. An old name for a woman's bustle. [U. S.]
If, by her bishop, or her "grace" alone,
A genuine lady, or a church, is known. --Saxe.