1. [syn: mountain laurel, wood laurel, American laurel, calico bush, Kalmia latifolia]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Laurel \Lau"rel\, n. [OE. lorel, laurer, lorer, OF. lorier,
laurier, F. laurier, (assumed) LL. Laurarius, fr. L. laurus.]
1. (Bot.) An evergreen shrub, of the genus Laurus (Laurus
nobilis), having aromatic leaves of a lanceolate shape,
with clusters of small, yellowish white flowers in their
axils; -- called also sweet bay.
Note: The fruit is a purple berry. It is found about the
Mediterranean, and was early used by the ancient Greeks
to crown the victor in the games of Apollo. At a later
period, academic honors were indicated by a crown of
laurel, with the fruit. The leaves and tree yield an
aromatic oil, used to flavor the bay water of commerce.
Note: The name is extended to other plants which in some
respect resemble the true laurel. See Phrases, below.
2. A crown of laurel; hence, honor; distinction; fame; --
especially in the plural; as, to win laurels.
3. An English gold coin made in 1619, and so called because
the king's head on it was crowned with laurel.
Laurel water, water distilled from the fresh leaves of the
cherry laurel, and containing prussic acid and other
products carried over in the process.
American laurel, or Mountain laurel, Kalmia latifolia;
called also calico bush. See under Mountain.
California laurel, Umbellularia Californica.
Cherry laurel (in England called laurel). See under
Great laurel, the rosebay (Rhododendron maximum).
Ground laurel, trailing arbutus.
New Zealand laurel, the Laurelia Nov[ae] Zelandi[ae].
Portugal laurel, the Prunus Lusitanica.
Rose laurel, the oleander. See Oleander.
Sheep laurel, a poisonous shrub, Kalmia angustifolia,
smaller than the mountain laurel, and with smaller and
Spurge laurel, Daphne Laureola.
West Indian laurel, Prunus occidentalis.
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Mountain \Moun"tain\ (moun"t[i^]n), a.
1. Of or pertaining to a mountain or mountains; growing or
living on a mountain; found on or peculiar to mountains;
among mountains; as, a mountain torrent; mountain pines;
mountain goats; mountain air; mountain howitzer.
2. Like a mountain; mountainous; vast; very great.
The high, the mountain majesty of worth. --Byron.
Mountain antelope (Zool.), the goral.
Mountain ash (Bot.), an ornamental tree, the Pyrus
Americana (or Sorbus Americana), producing beautiful
bunches of red berries. Its leaves are pinnate, and its
flowers white, growing in fragrant clusters. The European
species is the Pyrus aucuparia, or rowan tree.
Mountain barometer, a portable barometer, adapted for safe
transportation, used in measuring the heights of
Mountain beaver (Zool.), the sewellel.
Mountain blue (Min.), blue carbonate of copper; azurite.
Mountain cat (Zool.), the catamount. See Catamount.
Mountain chain, a series of contiguous mountain ranges,
generally in parallel or consecutive lines or curves.
Mountain cock (Zool.), capercailzie. See Capercailzie.
Mountain cork (Min.), a variety of asbestus, resembling
cork in its texture.
Mountain crystal. See under Crystal.
Mountain damson (Bot.), a large tree of the genus
Simaruba (Simaruba amarga) growing in the West Indies,
which affords a bitter tonic and astringent, sometimes
used in medicine.
Mountain dew, Scotch whisky, so called because often
illicitly distilled among the mountains. [Humorous]
Mountain ebony (Bot.), a small leguminous tree (Bauhinia
variegata) of the East and West Indies; -- so called
because of its dark wood. The bark is used medicinally and
Mountain flax (Min.), a variety of asbestus, having very
fine fibers; amianthus. See Amianthus.
Mountain fringe (Bot.), climbing fumitory. See under
Mountain goat. (Zool.) See Mazama.
Mountain green. (Min.)
(a) Green malachite, or carbonate of copper.
(b) See Green earth, under Green, a.
Mountain holly (Bot.), a branching shrub (Nemopanthes
Canadensis), having smooth oblong leaves and red berries.
It is found in the Northern United States.
Mountain laurel (Bot.), an American shrub (Kalmia
latifolia) with glossy evergreen leaves and showy
clusters of rose-colored or white flowers. The foliage is
poisonous. Called also American laurel, ivy bush, and
calico bush. See Kalmia.
Mountain leather (Min.), a variety of asbestus, resembling
leather in its texture.
Mountain licorice (Bot.), a plant of the genus Trifolium
Mountain limestone (Geol.), a series of marine limestone
strata below the coal measures, and above the old red
standstone of Great Britain. See Chart of Geology.
Mountain linnet (Zool.), the twite.
Mountain magpie. (Zool.)
(a) The yaffle, or green woodpecker.
(b) The European gray shrike.
Mountain mahogany (Bot.) See under Mahogany.
Mountain meal (Min.), a light powdery variety of calcite,
occurring as an efflorescence.
Mountain milk (Min.), a soft spongy variety of carbonate of
Mountain mint. (Bot.) See Mint.
Mountain ousel (Zool.), the ring ousel; -- called also
mountain thrush and mountain colley. See Ousel.
Mountain pride, or Mountain green (Bot.), a tree of
Jamaica (Spathelia simplex), which has an unbranched
palmlike stem, and a terminal cluster of large, pinnate
Mountain quail (Zool.), the plumed partridge (Oreortyx
pictus) of California. It has two long, slender,
plumelike feathers on the head. The throat and sides are
chestnut; the belly is brown with transverse bars of black
and white; the neck and breast are dark gray.
Mountain range, a series of mountains closely related in
position and direction.
Mountain rice. (Bot.)
(a) An upland variety of rice, grown without irrigation,
in some parts of Asia, Europe, and the United States.
(b) An American genus of grasses (Oryzopsis).
Mountain rose (Bot.), a species of rose with solitary
flowers, growing in the mountains of Europe (Rosa
Mountain soap (Min.), a soft earthy mineral, of a brownish
color, used in crayon painting; saxonite.
Mountain sorrel (Bot.), a low perennial plant (Oxyria
digyna with rounded kidney-form leaves, and small
greenish flowers, found in the White Mountains of New
Hampshire, and in high northern latitudes. --Gray.
Mountain sparrow (Zool.), the European tree sparrow.
Mountain spinach. (Bot.) See Orach.
Mountain tobacco (Bot.), a composite plant (Arnica
montana) of Europe; called also leopard's bane.
Mountain witch (Zool.), a ground pigeon of Jamaica, of the
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
n 1: a North American evergreen shrub having glossy leaves and
white or rose-colored flowers [syn: mountain laurel,
wood laurel, American laurel, calico bush, Kalmia