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The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Against \A*gainst"\ (?; 277), prep. [OE. agens, ageynes, AS. ongegn. The s is adverbial, orig. a genitive ending. See Again.] 1. Abreast; opposite to; facing; towards; as, against the mouth of a river; -- in this sense often preceded by over. [1913 Webster] Jacob saw the angels of God come against him. --Tyndale. [1913 Webster] 2. From an opposite direction so as to strike or come in contact with; in contact with; upon; as, hail beats against the roof. [1913 Webster] 3. In opposition to, whether the opposition is of sentiment or of action; on the other side; counter to; in contrariety to; hence, adverse to; as, against reason; against law; to run a race against time. [1913 Webster] The gate would have been shut against her. --Fielding. [1913 Webster] An argument against the use of steam. --Tyndale. [1913 Webster] 4. By of before the time that; in preparation for; so as to be ready for the time when. [Archaic or Dial.] [1913 Webster] Urijah the priest made it, against King Ahaz came from Damascus. --2 Kings xvi. 11. [1913 Webster] Against the sun, in a direction contrary to that in which the sun appears to move. [1913 Webster]