The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Axiom \Ax"i*om\, n. [L. axioma, Gr. ? that which is thought worthy, that which is assumed, a basis of demonstration, a principle, fr. ? to think worthy, fr. ? worthy, weighing as much as; cf. ? to lead, drive, also to weigh so much: cf F. axiome. See Agent, a.] 1. (Logic & Math.) A self-evident and necessary truth, or a proposition whose truth is so evident as first sight that no reasoning or demonstration can make it plainer; a proposition which it is necessary to take for granted; as, "The whole is greater than a part;" "A thing can not, at the same time, be and not be." [1913 Webster] 2. An established principle in some art or science, which, though not a necessary truth, is universally received; as, the axioms of political economy. [1913 Webster] Syn: Axiom, Maxim, Aphorism, Adage. Usage: An axiom is a self-evident truth which is taken for granted as the basis of reasoning. A maxim is a guiding principle sanctioned by experience, and relating especially to the practical concerns of life. An aphorism is a short sentence pithily expressing some valuable and general truth or sentiment. An adage is a saying of long-established authority and of universal application. [1913 Webster] AxiomaticMoby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:

173 Moby Thesaurus words for "axiom": a belief, a priori principle, a priori truth, absolute fact, accepted fact, actual fact, adage, admitted fact, affirmation, ana, analects, aphorism, apothegm, apriorism, article of faith, assertion, assumed position, assumption, bald fact, bare fact, basis, brocard, brutal fact, byword, canon, catchword, categorical proposition, center, circumstance, cold fact, collected sayings, conceded fact, conjecture, core, current saying, data, datum, demonstrable fact, dictate, dictum, distich, doctrine, dogma, elixir, empirical fact, epigram, essence, essential, established fact, expression, fact, fact of experience, first principles, flower, focus, formula, foundation, fundamental, gist, given fact, gnome, golden rule, golden saying, gravamen, ground, guesswork, hard fact, heart, hypostasis, hypothesis, hypothesis ad hoc, indisputable fact, inescapable fact, inference, inner essence, kernel, law, lemma, major premise, marrow, matter of fact, maxim, meat, minor premise, moral, mot, motto, naked fact, not guesswork, not opinion, nub, nucleus, nuts and bolts, oracle, philosopheme, philosophical proposition, phrase, pith, pithy saying, plain, position, positive fact, postulate, postulation, postulatum, precept, premise, prescript, presumption, presupposal, presupposition, principium, principle, proposition, propositional function, provable fact, proverb, proverbial saying, proverbs, quid, quiddity, quintessence, rule, salient fact, sap, saw, saying, self-evident fact, self-evident truth, sentence, sententious expression, set of postulates, settled principle, significant fact, simple fact, sloka, sober fact, soul, spirit, statement, stock saying, stubborn fact, stuff, substance, sumption, supposal, supposing, supposition, surmise, sutra, teaching, tenet, text, the case, the nitty-gritty, theorem, thesis, truism, truth, truth table, truth-function, truth-value, undeniable fact, universal truth, verse, well-known fact, wisdom, wisdom literature, wise saying, witticism, word, words of wisdom, working hypothesisThe Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (30 December 2018):

AXIOM*A symbolic mathematics system. A# is one component of AXIOM*. Version: 2. [Relationship with AXIOM?] (1995-02-21)